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Liechtenstein: European Court of Human Rights Rules Whistleblower’s Dismissal Did Not Infringe Freedom of Expression

(Mar. 17, 2021) On February 16, 2021, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) held in Gawlik v. Liechtenstein (application no. 23922/19) that the dismissal of a doctor without notice for reporting that his superior allegedly performed illegal euthanasia did not violate his right to freedom of expression under article 10 of the European Convention […]

Saint Lucia: Restrictions on Use of Tobacco Products in Public Places Adopted

(Jan. 29, 2021) On June 2, 2020, Saint Lucia Minister of Health Mary Isaac issued the Public Health (Smoking Control) Regulations, 2020. The regulations were issued on the basis of the minister’s authority in accordance with section 9 of the Public Health Act, Cap. 11.01, as amended by the Public Health (Amendment) Act, 2019. According […]

Argentina: Senate Passes Bill Legalizing Abortion

(Jan. 7, 2021) On December 30, 2020, Argentina’s Senate passed a bill legalizing abortion until the 14th week of pregnancy. The vote, which took place after a 12-hour debate, saw 38 senators supporting the bill, 29 opposing it, and one abstaining. The new law establishes the conditions under which a woman may voluntarily terminate a […]

Jordan: New Executive Regulations on Preventive Measures to Combat COVID-19 Issued

(Nov. 12, 2020) On October 10, 2020, the Kingdom of Jordan entered a nationwide 48-hour lockdown for the first time in months due to a new spike in COVID-19 cases. In response to the new spike in cases, three Jordanian executive bodies—the Ministry of Interior (homeland security), the Ministry of Health, and the Office of […]

Australia: Bills Banning Conversion Therapy Enacted in Two Jurisdictions

(Sept. 25, 2020) Two Australian jurisdictions recently enacted legislation banning practices that seek to change a person’s sexual or gender identity, often referred to as “conversion therapy.” The government of the state of Victoria has also committed to prohibiting such practices, releasing a discussion document seeking public comment on legislative options in October 2019. Queensland […]

Italy: New Law Addresses Violence against Health and Socio-Health Professionals

(Sept. 25, 2020) Italy recently enacted a law to address violence against health and “socio-health” professionals in the performance of their duties. Law No. 113 of August 14, 2020, which took effect on September 24, 2020, applies to those health professionals regulated under Law No. 3 of January 11, 2018, including doctors-surgeons (medici-chirurghi), dentists, veterinarians, […]

Sweden: National Prosecutor Investigates Workplace Environment Crime After Nurse Dies of COVID-19

(May 4, 2020) On April 29, 2020, the Swedish National Prosecutor announced that it is investigating a workplace environment crime (arbetsmiljöbrott) after a nurse working at Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm died of COVID-19. The investigation comes following a report by the local safety representative (skyddsombud), who reportedly claimed that the hospital lacked the appropriate […]

Turkey: New Law Imposes Harsher Penalties for Violence Against Health Care Workers

(Apr. 28, 2020) On April 15, 2020, Turkey’s Parliament passed Law No. 7243 introducing harsher penalties for certain crimes committed against health care workers and their assistants. (Law No. 7243, art. 28.) Versions of the so-called “violence in health care” law had long been proposed by medical professional organizations and others in reaction to the high […]

Israel: Ministry of Health Issues Guidelines on Use of Cameras in COVID-19 Hospital Units

(Apr. 28, 2020) On April 6, 2020, Israel’s Ministry of Health (MOH) issued the Camera-Corona Directive (CCD), providing guidelines for the use of cameras in hospital units caring for COVID-19 patients. According to the CCD, care for coronavirus patients requires rigorous patient monitoring as the condition of such patients can deteriorate rapidly. Their treatment also […]