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Egypt: Senate Approves Draft Law to Enhance Penalties against Bullying of Persons with Disabilities

(May 18, 2021) On April 4, 2020, the Egyptian Senate during a plenary session approved a draft law amending some provisions of Law No. 10 of 2018 on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The draft law aims at combating the act of bullying persons with disabilities. The draft law will now be reviewed by […]

France: High Court Issues Ruling on Insanity Defense

(Apr. 29, 2021) On April 14, 2020, the Cour de cassation, France’s highest court for civil and criminal matters, confirmed that defendants could not be judged under criminal law if they committed murder while in a state of delirium that eliminated (aboli) their discernment. This decision concludes a case referred to in the press as […]

Finland: Supreme Court Orders Dissolution of Neo-Nazi Association that Violates Human Rights

(Oct. 16, 2020) On September 22, 2020, the Finnish Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Nordiska Motståndsrörelsen (NMR) (Nordic Resistance Movement), an unregistered neo-Nazi association. The Supreme Court found that the association is unlawful because its activities and stated objectives violate law and good practice. It also found that the association’s activities are not protected […]

Germany: Bremen Prohibits Flying or Using German Imperial War Flags

(Oct. 13, 2020) On September 14, 2020, Minister of the Interior Ulrich Mäurer of the city-state of Bremen, Germany issued a decree banning the public flying or use of the German imperial war flag. Flying such a flag on private property where it is clearly intended to be and is visible to everyone is also […]

Switzerland: Prohibition on Sexual Orientation Discrimination Will Apply Starting July 1

(Apr. 30, 2020) In its session of April 3, 2020, the Swiss Federal Council, the country’s government, decided that a prohibition on discrimination due to sexual orientation will enter into force on July 1, 2020. The necessary amendments to the Criminal Code and the Military Criminal Code had been adopted by the Swiss Parliament on December 14, […]

Saudi Arabia: Legislation Enacted on Regulating Public Decency

(Nov. 4, 2019) On April 9, 2019, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers issued Resolution No. 444 of 4 Shaban 1440 (corresponding to April 9, 2019), regulating public behavior and public decency. The Resolution, which consists of 10 articles, regulates the behavior of Saudi citizens and expats in public places in accordance with prevalent Saudi customs, […]

Norway: Supreme Court Rules on Boundaries of Hate Speech

(Aug. 7, 2018) On April 12, 2018, the Norwegian Supreme Court issued a judgment under which a person was sentenced to prison for hate speech. (Norges Høyesterett [Norwegian Supreme Court] Dom [Case No.] HR-2018-674-A, Lovdata website; HR-2018-674-A, Supreme Court website.) The Court found that the man, who on August 15, 2015, had repeatedly called another […]