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Malta: Government Passes Three Laws to Encourage Blockchain Technology

(Aug. 31, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the Maltese government enacted three laws whose goal is to make Malta a haven for projects that rely on blockchain and other distributed ledger technology (DLT). The Malta Digital Innovation Authority Act (MDIA Act), Innovative Technology Arrangements and Services Act (ITAS Act), and Virtual Financial Assets Act (VFA […]

Japan: Short-Term Home Rentals Restricted by Many Local Governments

(Aug. 31, 2018) In June 2017 the Diet (Japan’s Parliament) enacted the House Sharing Business Act, which regulates short-term home renting (minpaku). (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Law on Renting Rooms in Private Homes to Tourists, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 16, 2017).) The new law became effective on June 15, 2018. (Press Release, Japan Tourism Agency, Cabinet […]

China: State Council Issues Rules on Normative Documents

(Aug. 28, 2018) On May 31, 2018, the State Council (China’s cabinet) issued a circular on the making of normative documents, which are regulatory documents issued by the government that are not formal regulations as regulated by China’s Law on Legislation, but still impose binding obligations on individuals and legal entities. (Guowuyuan Bangongting Guanyu Jiaqiang […]

China: 2020 Air Pollution Action Plan Released

(Aug. 16, 2018) On June 27, 2018, the State Council (China’s cabinet) released a three-year action plan for tackling air pollution, which sets up targets for improving the air quality of the country by 2020. (State Council, Three-Year Action Plan for Winning the Blue Sky War (Guo Fa [2018] No. 22, June 27, 2018) (Three-Year […]

Comoros: Planned Constitutional Referendum on Presidential Term Limits Leads to Crisis

(July 30, 2018) On April 29, 2018, Comoros’s President Sem Azali Assoumani declared that a referendum on amending the country’s Constitution would be held in July 2018. (Les conclusions des assises soumises au référendum au mois de juillet [Assembly’s Conclusions to Be Decided by Referendum in July], GOUVERNEMENT DE L’UNION DES COMORES [GOVERNMENT OF THE […]

Brazil: National Policy on Reading and Writing Enacted

(July 25, 2018) The first National Policy on Reading and Writing (Política Nacional de Leitura e Escrita) was established in Brazil on July 12, 2018, through the enactment of Law No. 13,696. (Lei No. 13.696, de 12 de Julho de 2018, Presidency of the Republic website.) The policy was instituted as a permanent strategy to […]

Afghanistan: Distribution of Controversial Electronic Identity Cards Launched

(July 19, 2018) The distribution of controversial Electronic National Identity Cards (known as the e-Tazkira) throughout Afghanistan was launched on May 3, 2018, by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani, with Ghani becoming the first person in the country to receive the card. The president cited security concerns as the factor that made him start the process, […]

Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Straws

(July 10, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No 6,384, which bans plastic straws in the city. (Lei No. 6.384, de 4 de Julho de 2018, DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO DO MUNICÍPIO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, No. 73, July 5, 2018, at 3.) Article 1 of […]

China: Supervision Law Enacted Establishing a New State Supervisory Organ

(July 9, 2018) On March 20, 2018, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) adopted the PRC Supervision Law.  Effective on the same day, the Law repealed the existing PRC Administrative Supervision Law and established a new supervisory organ of the state. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Jiancha Fa [PRC […]