Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

International: Investigations Launched at International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court Regarding Situation of Rohingya People

(Nov. 29, 2019) On November 11, 2019, the Republic of The Gambia (The Gambia) instituted proceedings against the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Myanmar) before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), alleging violations of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Gambia’s submission is also […]

United States: New York State Appellate Court Upholds Order for Return of Nazi-Looted Art

(Aug. 22, 2019) On July 9, 2019, the New York Appellate Division upheld a lower court’s decision ordering defendant Richard Nagy to return two pieces of art to the heirs of Fritz Grunbaum, a Jewish Viennese performance artist and art collector who was imprisoned and murdered by Nazis during the Holocaust. (Reif v. Nagy, No. […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Restores Lawsuit Against French Bank by Victims of Sudanese Regime’s Atrocities

(June 6, 2019) The US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently revived a tort lawsuit brought by victims of the Sudanese regime’s atrocities against BNP Paribas (BNPP), a French bank convicted in 2015 of evading US sanctions on Sudan.  (Kashef v. BNP Paribas SA, No. 18-1301 (2d Cir. 2019) (Kashef), US Court of […]

Sweden: Svea Court of Appeal Upholds Genocide Conviction

(Apr. 5, 2017) On February 15, 2017,Sweden’s Svea Court of Appeal upheld a previous district court conviction for genocide in the case of a Hutu Rwandan refugee who also holds Swedish citizenship. (Press Release, Dom i folkmords-mål [Judgment in Genocide Case] (Feb. 15, 2017), Svea Court of Appeal website; Case B 4951-16, Svea Court of […]

France/Rwanda: Genocide Convictions

(July 29, 2016) On July 6, 2016, a court in Paris convicted two former local officials of “crimes against humanity,” “genocide,” and “widespread and systematic practice of summary executions” in a “concerted plan aimed at the destruction” of the Tutsi ethnic group. They were sentenced to life in prison. (Génocide rwandais : deux anciens bourgmestres condamnés à perpétuité […]

Cambodia: Tribunal Charges Former Navy Commander with Genocide

(Dec. 18, 2015) On December 14, 2015, Meas Muth, a former navy commander in a position of authority during the rule of the Khmer Rouge, was charged with genocide, crimes against humanity, and other crimes by the International Co-Investigating Judge of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC). In the past, Muth had […]

Bangladesh: Execution of Two More War Crimes Convicts

(Nov. 25, 2015) On November 22, 2015, two opposition leaders in Bangladesh, Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid and Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, were hanged simultaneously for war crimes after their clemency petitions were denied by the President of Bangladesh. (Bangladesh Executes Two Opposition Leaders for 1971 War Crimes, DAILY STAR (Nov. 21, 2014).) According to recent news […]

Iraq/ICC: Investigation of ISIL Crimes Urged by Religious Minority

(Sept. 30, 2015) On September 24, 2015, members of the Yazidi minority religious community in Iraq met with Fatou Bensouda, Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC). They filed a report with details of attacks on the community carried out by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) since August 2014. The […]

Argentina: Law Forbidding Pardons of Crimes Against Humanity

(Aug. 7, 2015) On July 1, 2015, Argentina’s Senate passed legislation that forbids pardons, amnesties, and the commutations of sentences for crimes against humanity. It became law with all the Senate political parties voting in favor of it. (Sancionaron Ley que Prohibe Indultos, Amnistias y Conmutación de Penas para Delitos de Lesa Humanidad [Law Prohibiting […]

Croatia; International Court of Justice; Serbia: Judgment in a Case on the Application of the Convention on Genocide

(Feb. 6, 2015) On February 3, 2015, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, Netherlands, issued a judgment on whether Serbia had committed the crime of genocide against Croatians and whether Croatia had committed genocide against Serbs. (Press Release, No. 2015/4, International Court of Justice, Application of the Convention on the Prevention and […]