Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Egypt: Draft Law Banning Publishing of Information Concerning the Armed Forces

(Nov. 19, 2014) On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Council referred the draft law to the Council of Ministers, the country’s Cabinet, for further debate and […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Recent Court Decisions on Islamic Veil Bans

(July 11, 2014) The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one’s face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July 1, 2014), Application No. 43835/11.) This ruling ends a case regarding a 2010 French law banning concealment […]

Denmark: New Laws Become Effective for 2014

(Jan. 8, 2014) Two major pieces of controversial legislation that were passed in 2013 became effective in Denmark on January 1, 2014: the reform of unemployment benefits and a law on freedom of information. (Andreas Jakobsen, New Year, New Rules, THE COPENHAGEN POST (Jan. 3, 2014).) Unemployment Benefits The provision of unemployment benefits (kontanthjælp) has […]

Russia: New Privacy Protection Law

(Nov. 5, 2013) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia’s Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending Section 3 of Chapter 1, Part 1, of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation [in Russian], ROSSIISKAIA […]

Burundi: New Media Law on President

(May 28, 2013) Burundi’s bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law places on accessibility to information sources and the increased sentences it would impose for some media-related […]

Economic Community of West African States: Uniform Framework on Freedom of Expression, Information Considered

(Mar. 21, 2012) From March 5-9, 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) held a meeting of its Technical Committee on Legal and Judicial Affairs and the Ministers of Justice of the Member States, in Abuja, Nigeria. (Schedule of Meetings, 2012, ECOWAS website (last visited Mar. 19, 2012).) ECOWAS was founded in 1975 […]

Brazil: Newly Enacted Laws Guarantee Access to Information, Create Truth Commission to Investigate Human Rights Violations

(Nov. 28, 2011) On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(§3)(II), and 216(§2) of the Brazilian Constitution. On the same day, Brazil also adopted a law (Lei No. 12.528, de 18 de Novembro […]

South Africa: Protection of Information Bill Controversial

(Aug. 16, 2011) On August 10, 2011, the South African organization Open Democracy Advice Centre (ODAC) issued a statement criticizing a clause of the Protection of Information Bill as unconstitutional. (“Secrecy Bill – Whistleblower Clause Unconstitutional,” ODAC website (last visited Aug. 15, 2011); Info Bill Clause Flouts Constitution: Lawyer, SOUTH AFICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION (SAPA) (Aug. […]

Nigeria: Freedom of Information Bill Passes Both Houses of Parliament

(May 31, 2011) News outlets are reporting that both houses of Nigeria's Parliament have adopted the harmonized version of the Freedom of Information Bill (hereinafter FOI). The House of Representatives initially adopted its version of the FOI on February 24, 2011, and a different version of the FOI was adopted by the Senate on March […]

Nigeria: House of Representatives Approves Freedom of Information Bill

(Mar. 1, 2011) On February 24, 2011, the 360-member lower house of Nigeria's National Assembly adopted the Freedom of Information Bill which seeks to provide a right of access to records kept by public institutions and private institutions carrying out public functions. (Nigeria's Lower House Passes Right of Information Bill, SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE (Feb. 25, […]