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Nepal: International Adoptions Resume with New, Stricter Rules

(Apr. 27, 2009) It was reported on March 17, 2009, that Nepal's Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare (MWCSW) is examining a list of Nepali children available for inter-country adoption, after the lifting of an 18-month ban on such adoptions. The central matching committee under the Ministry has been assigned to handle the cases […]

Sudan: Regional Law on Children’s Rights Issued

(Apr. 14, 2009) On April 9, 2009, it was reported that the President of the Government of Southern Sudan (an autonomous region within Sudan), Salva Kiir, officially launched the first law in that region to recognize children's rights. The UNICEF director for Southern Sudan, Peter Crowley, called this step “a major milestone in creating a […]

Burkina Faso: U.N. Program to Fight Child Marriage

(Apr. 6, 2009) Girls must be over the age of 16 to marry legally in Burkina Faso, with an exception that may be granted by a court when there are serious grounds to permit marriage a year earlier (Part II, Title II, art. 238, CODE DES PERSONNES ET DE LA FAMILLE (Nov. 16, 1989) (Ouagadougou, […]

England and Wales: Report Criticizes Implementation of Child Protection Laws

(Mar. 25, 2009) In the wake of a tragic case in England in which a toddler, known only as “baby P,” was killed by his mother, her live-in boyfriend, and their lodger, despite being seen by social services and doctors over 60 times prior to his death, a government report criticizing the implementation of child […]

Israel: Gay Couple Allowed to Adopt

(Mar. 18, 2009) On March 10, 2009, the Tel Aviv family court approved a request by a gay couple, who had married in Toronto in 2004, to adopt a foster son they had raised for over 14 years, even though he has already reached the age of majority. The decision is the first to recognize […]

Belarus: Children Banned from Travel Abroad

(Jan. 23, 2009) On December 16, 2008, President Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus issued a decree prohibiting organized travel of groups of Belarusian children to the United States and member countries of the European Union. Individual travel with the parents or legal guardians is still allowed, if it is not associated with medical treatment. This decision […]

Brazil: Proposed Law Defines Child Pornography and Punishes Pedophilia

(Nov. 25, 2008) On November 11, 2008, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved a proposed law designed to improve the fight against the production, sale, and distribution of child pornography and to criminalize the acquisition and possession of such material and other actions related to pedophilia on the Internet. The proposed law originated in the […]

Peru: Joint Custody Determinations

(Nov. 24, 2008) On October 16, 2008, Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez promulgated Law No. 29269, amending articles 81 and 84 of the Code of the Child and the Adolescent to incorporate a provision dealing with joint custody. The new version of article 81 states that when the parents are “de facto” (actually) separated, the […]

Israel: Supreme Court Allows Minor’;s Move to Germany, Subject to Conditions

(Oct. 8, 2008) On October 2, 2008, the Supreme Court of Israel accepted an appeal on a decision of the Tel-Aviv District Court to prohibit the return of a mother to Germany accompanied by her minor child. The Court approved the relocation of the minor subject to the conditions that the mother would travel to […]