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Nigeria: Several Nigerian States Urged to Adopt Federal Child Protection Law

(Dec. 4, 2009) It was reported on November 23, 2009, that on the occasion marking the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) by the United Nations General Assembly, Dr. Suomi Sakai, UNICEF representative in Nigeria, called on Nigerian states that have yet to adopt the Federal […]

United Nations: Child Rights Still a World-Wide Challenge

(Nov. 24, 2009) The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even though the document has inspired positive changes for children, “realizing the rights in the Convention remains […]

Chile: New Law Creates the Inter-Agency Social Protection System

(Sept. 25, 2009) Chile has adopted a new law that creates the Inter-Agency Social Protection System (IASPS) and recognizes the existence of the Integral Infants’ Protection Sub-System (IFPSS), “Chile Grows with You.” Law No. 20,379, which was promulgated on September 1, 2009, and entered into force on September 12, 2009, defines the IASPS as a […]

Uganda: Rights Group Seeks to Have Bride Price Abolished

(Sept. 17, 2009) It was reported on September 9, 2009, that MIFUMI, a women’s rights organization that promotes protection for women and children affected by domestic violence, abuse, and bride-price violations, together with other concerned individuals, filed a legal action before Uganda’s Constitutional Court, seeking the abolition of the practice of bride price. (Milton Olupot […]

Brazil: New Adoption Law

(Aug. 5, 2009) On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and Adolescent Statute, the Civil Code, and the Consolidation of Labor Laws. The new Law maintains the […]

Italy: Day to Fight Abuse of Minors Established

(June 3, 2009) The Italian Parliament recently promulgated Law No. 41 of May 4, 2009, establishing May 5 as the national anti-pedophilia and anti-child pornography day, dedicated to reflection on the fight against abuse of minors. The law stipulates that the activities organized for the occasion of the national day should be directed at sensitizing […]

Nepal: International Adoptions Resume with New, Stricter Rules

(Apr. 27, 2009) It was reported on March 17, 2009, that Nepal's Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare (MWCSW) is examining a list of Nepali children available for inter-country adoption, after the lifting of an 18-month ban on such adoptions. The central matching committee under the Ministry has been assigned to handle the cases […]

Sudan: Regional Law on Children’s Rights Issued

(Apr. 14, 2009) On April 9, 2009, it was reported that the President of the Government of Southern Sudan (an autonomous region within Sudan), Salva Kiir, officially launched the first law in that region to recognize children's rights. The UNICEF director for Southern Sudan, Peter Crowley, called this step “a major milestone in creating a […]

Burkina Faso: U.N. Program to Fight Child Marriage

(Apr. 6, 2009) Girls must be over the age of 16 to marry legally in Burkina Faso, with an exception that may be granted by a court when there are serious grounds to permit marriage a year earlier (Part II, Title II, art. 238, CODE DES PERSONNES ET DE LA FAMILLE (Nov. 16, 1989) (Ouagadougou, […]