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Russia: Protection of Children from Harmful Information

(Jan. 4, 2011) On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, 2010. According to a statement published on the President's website, “the law intends to avoid the […]

Israel: Adoptee’s Best Interest and Parental Consent

(Dec. 29, 2010) On December 13, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Adoption of Children Law, 5741-1948. The amendment provides guidance for evaluation of the principle of the “best interest of the adoptee,” a top consideration in adoption proceedings under the law. According to the amendment, such an evaluation must take […]

France: Constitutional Council Validates Provision Indirectly Barring Member of Same-Sex Couple from Adopting Partner’s Child

(Dec. 6, 2010) On October 6, 2010, the French Constitutional Council ruled on an application for a priority preliminary ruling lodged by the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, on the issue of the constitutionality of article 365 of the Civil Code (Conseil Constitutionnel, Decision No. 2010-39 QPC of October […]

Somalia: Prime Minister Plans to End Child Soldiering

(Nov. 10, 2010) On November 2, 2010, Somalia's Prime Minister, Mohammed Abdullah I Mohammed, met in Somalia's capital city of Mogadishu with the United Nations Secretary General's Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Radhika Coomaraswamy. At that meeting, Mohammed stated that his government is determined to end the practice of children serving as soldiers […]

Bangladesh: Court Orders Review of Policy on Child Detention

(Nov. 4, 2010) The High Court of Bangladesh has directed lower court judges to determine whether children detained in jails rather than in juvenile detention facilities should be released immediately on bail. The order requires the government to explain why the children detained in jails should not be transferred to safe homes, and states that […]

South Korea: Conflicting Decisions on Adoption by Grandparents

(Oct. 7, 2010) Two conflicting rulings have been made in South Korean provincial courts on the issue of whether grandparents may adopt their grandchildren. On September 16, 2010, the Family Division (three-judge bench) of Ulsan District Court affirmed the decision by a single-judge bench of the same Court that grandparents may not adopt a grandchild. […]

France: French Supreme Court Recognizes Same-Sex Couple Adoption Judgment Rendered by U.S. Court

(July 23, 2010) On July 8, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled that a judgment rendered by the Superior Court of the County of Dekalb, Georgia, authorizing the adoption of a child by the female partner of the mother, is not contrary to French public order and, […]

Ireland: EU Divorce Plan Rejected

(July 7, 2010) Ireland has declined to take part in a European Union plan for enhanced cooperation in divorce cases. The proposed scheme has been agreed upon by 14 Member States implementing, for the first time, rules contained in the Lisbon Treaty allowing core countries to proceed in an initiative without all Member States taking […]

Japan: 2010 Child Allowance Law

(Apr. 23, 2010) One of the important policies of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) has been the provision of a monthly child allowance for all children, regardless of the parents' income. In March 2007, the DPJ raised the amount it proposed for the child allowance to ¥26,000 (about US$260). (Kumiko Hayashi, Minshu tō no […]

South Africa: Child Justice Act Takes Effect

(Apr. 14, 2010) South Africa's Child Justice Act, 2008, legislation seeking to increase the minimum age of criminal responsibility and to establish a process separate from what is prescribed by the regular criminal justice system for dealing with child offenders, took effect on April 1, 2010. (Franny Rabkin, “Sensitive” Law Tries to Keep Kids Out […]