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South Korea: Supreme Court Finds Conscientious Objection to Military Service Justifiable

(Nov. 16, 2018) On November 1, 2018, the Supreme Court of South Korea ruled that conscientious objection to military service is “justifiable” under article 88(1) of the Military Service Act. (Sup. Ct., No. 2016 do 10912 (Nov. 1, 2018) (in Korean), Supreme Court website; Military Service Act, Act No. 4685, Dec. 31, 1993, as amended by […]

China: New Regulation on Police Cybersecurity Supervision and Inspection Powers Issued

(Nov. 13, 2018) On September 15, 2018, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) issued a new regulation on cybersecurity supervision and inspections by the police. (Gong’an Jiguan Hulianwang Anquan Jiandu Jiancha Guiding  [Measures of Internet Security Supervision and Inspection by the Public Security Organs] (Sept. 15, […]

Iran: Space Agency Aims to Train Specialists in Space Law

(Nov. 7, 2018) The Iranian Space Agency (ISA) and the University of Tehran’s Institute for Studies in Public Law signed a memorandum of understanding in late-August 2018 providing for the University to train specialists in space law “to increase Iran’s role in international assemblies and secure national interests.” (Iran Expanding Space Law Studies, EGHTESAD ONLINE […]

Belgium: Report Reveals Euthanasia Commission Authorized Euthanasia of Three Minors in 2016–17

(Oct. 29, 2018) Belgium has the world’s only law allowing terminally ill minors in “unbearable suffering” to choose to die. (Henry Samuel, Belgium Authorized Euthanasia of a Terminally Ill Nine and 11-Year-Old in Youngest Cases Worldwide, TELEGRAPH (Aug. 7, 2018).) According to a report published on July 17, 2018, by the Commission fédérale de Contrôle […]

Italy: New Law Reorganizes Ministries

(Sept. 27, 2018) On July 13, 2018, new legislation reorganizing certain government ministries entered into force in Italy. (Decree Law No. 86 of July 12, 2018, Urgent Provisions on the Reorganization of the Competences of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies, and the Ministry […]

Japan: Catastrophic Disaster Response Activated Following Hokkaido Earthquake

(Sept. 27, 2018) Japan’s northern island, Hokkaido, was hit by a powerful earthquake on September 6, 2018, causing people great suffering from the disruption of their normal lives and severe economic damage. (Haruka Nuga, Death Toll Rises, Flights Resume, Power Back in Japan Quake, AP NEWS (Sept. 8, 2018).) Prime Minister Abe announced on September […]

New Zealand: Decision on Scope of Crown/Maori Relations Portfolio and Establishment of New Office

(Sept. 25, 2018) On September 18, 2018, the New Zealand government announced that the Cabinet had agreed to the final scope of the Crown/Maori Relations ministerial portfolio and to establish a new agency called the Office for Maori Crown Relations: Te Arawhiti. (Press Release, Kelvin Davis, Maori Crown Agency to Be Established (Sept. 18, 2018), New Zealand […]

China: Central Government Bans Sale of E-Cigarettes to Minors

(Sept. 19, 2018) On August 31, 2018, two Chinese central government regulators, the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (STMA, also known as China Tobacco), jointly issued a circular to ban the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors. (Guojia Shichang Jiandu Guanli Zongju, Guojia Yancao Zhuanmai Ju Guanyu Jinzhi […]

China: 2020 Air Pollution Action Plan Released

(Aug. 16, 2018) On June 27, 2018, the State Council (China’s cabinet) released a three-year action plan for tackling air pollution, which sets up targets for improving the air quality of the country by 2020. (State Council, Three-Year Action Plan for Winning the Blue Sky War (Guo Fa [2018] No. 22, June 27, 2018) (Three-Year […]