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China: Central Government Bans Sale of E-Cigarettes to Minors

(Sept. 19, 2018) On August 31, 2018, two Chinese central government regulators, the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (STMA, also known as China Tobacco), jointly issued a circular to ban the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors. (Guojia Shichang Jiandu Guanli Zongju, Guojia Yancao Zhuanmai Ju Guanyu Jinzhi […]

China: 2020 Air Pollution Action Plan Released

(Aug. 16, 2018) On June 27, 2018, the State Council (China’s cabinet) released a three-year action plan for tackling air pollution, which sets up targets for improving the air quality of the country by 2020. (State Council, Three-Year Action Plan for Winning the Blue Sky War (Guo Fa [2018] No. 22, June 27, 2018) (Three-Year […]

France: Government Announces Reforms of Judicial System

(Apr. 27, 2018) On April 20, 2018, the French Minister of Justice announced that the government planned to submit a bill to reform the country’s judicial system. (Compte-rendu du Conseil des ministers du vendredi 20 avril 2018: Projet de Loi, Renforcement de l’organisation des juridictions et programmation pour la justice 2018–2022 [Minutes of the Council […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Extraterritoriality of Antimonopoly Act

(Dec. 19, 2017) On December 12, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled that the national Fair Trade Commission (FTC) can impose surcharges on firms that join cartels established overseas if the cartels impair the free competition of the Japanese market.  (Sup. Ct., Dec. 12, 2017, 2016 (Gyo-hi) No. 233, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese).) Japan’s […]

Iran: Cabinet Abandons Directive on Scrapping Old Cars to Reduce Air Pollution

(Dec. 5, 2017) Pressure from Iran’s automakers and the country’s Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade has led to the cancellation by the Council of Ministers (Cabinet) of a recently adopted directive aimed at combating the high levels of air pollution in Iran’s big cities, 80% of which comes from automotive sources. (Ameer Hossein Askarian, […]

Iran: New Copyright Law to Be Submitted to Parliament

(Nov. 7, 2017) Iran’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology has announced it is working closely with the Parliament Research Center and other relevant agencies to formulate a new copyright bill for submission to Parliament. (Minister of Communications and Information Technology: Copyright Law Is Outdated; New Copyright Law to Be Sent to Parliament, IRANIAN LABOUR […]

Iran: New Law Poses Health and Financial Problems for Thalassemia Sufferers

(Sept. 27, 2017) A recent Iranian law that in effect removes all foreign medications from the list of drugs covered by insurance organizations reportedly endangers the health of a large percentage of the country’s thalassemia patients and subjects them to heavy financial burdens.  (Law Creating Hurdles for Thalassemia Patients, FINANCIAL TRIBUNE (July 26, 2017).)  The […]

Iran: Law to Protect Wetlands

(July 10, 2017) In an effort to counteract the combined effects of climate change, water crises, and human activities that have turned Iran’s once-thriving wetlands into sources of dust and sand storms, the Iranian Parliament has passed the Law to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Country’s Wetlands (Wetlands Protection Law). (Law on Wetlands Protection Ready, […]