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Sweden: Supreme Court No Longer Receives or Sends Communications via Telefax

(Mar. 8, 2019) As of March 1, 2019, the Swedish Supreme Court is no longer sending or receiving messages via fax machine in its communications with the public (including counsel and defendants). (Press Release, Supreme Court, Supreme Court Ceases Communicating by Telefax (Feb. 14, 2019) (in Swedish).) After an amendment to the Administrative Procedure Act […]

Italy: New Anti-Corruption Legislation Comes into Force

(Feb. 26, 2019) On January 31, 2019, new legislation introducing amendments to the Italian Criminal Code aimed at preventing and punishing corruption involving public agencies entered into force. (Law No. 3 of January 9, 2019, Measures to Combat Crimes Against the Public Administration, as well as on the Statute of Limitations for Crimes and the […]

Italy: Measures for Simplification of Companies and Public Administration Take Effect

(Feb. 5, 2019) On December 12, 2018, new measures to simplify public administration and promote the economy entered into force in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 135 of December 14, 2018, Urgent Provisions on Supporting and Simplifying Companies and Public Administration) (D.L. No. 135), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), Dec. 14, 2018, G.U. website (in Italian).) Support for Small […]

Sweden: Changes to Law on National Minorities and Minority Languages Take Effect

(Jan. 28, 2019) On January 1, 2019, provisions expanding rights and protection for Swedish national minorities and minority languages took effect. The new provisions provide that minorities have a right to both elder care and preschool in their native (minority) language. (17, 18 & 18 a §§ Lag om nationell minoriteter [Act on National Minorities] […]

Italy: EU Regulation on the Abuse of Markets Implemented

(Jan. 15, 2019) On September 29, 2018, new legislation implementing an EU regulation concerning the abuse of markets entered into force in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 107 of August 10, 2018, Provisions Adapting Domestic Legislation to the Provisions of EU Regulation No. 596/2014 on the Abuse of Markets and Repealing Directives 2003/6/CE, 2003/124/UE, 2003/125/CE and […]

Japan: Basic Act on Cybersecurity Amended

(Dec. 26, 2018) The Diet (Japan’s Parliament) recently passed a bill to amend the 2014 Basic Act on Cybersecurity. (Act No. 91 of 2018, KANPOU (official gazette) extra ed. No. 274, at 5 (Dec. 12, 2018), Kanpou website (in Japanese) (amending Basic Act on Cybersecurity, Act No. 104 of 2014, English version available on the Japanese […]

South Korea: Supreme Court Finds Conscientious Objection to Military Service Justifiable

(Nov. 16, 2018) On November 1, 2018, the Supreme Court of South Korea ruled that conscientious objection to military service is “justifiable” under article 88(1) of the Military Service Act. (Sup. Ct., No. 2016 do 10912 (Nov. 1, 2018) (in Korean), Supreme Court website; Military Service Act, Act No. 4685, Dec. 31, 1993, as amended by […]

China: New Regulation on Police Cybersecurity Supervision and Inspection Powers Issued

(Nov. 13, 2018) On September 15, 2018, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) issued a new regulation on cybersecurity supervision and inspections by the police. (Gong’an Jiguan Hulianwang Anquan Jiandu Jiancha Guiding  [Measures of Internet Security Supervision and Inspection by the Public Security Organs] (Sept. 15, […]

Iran: Space Agency Aims to Train Specialists in Space Law

(Nov. 7, 2018) The Iranian Space Agency (ISA) and the University of Tehran’s Institute for Studies in Public Law signed a memorandum of understanding in late-August 2018 providing for the University to train specialists in space law “to increase Iran’s role in international assemblies and secure national interests.” (Iran Expanding Space Law Studies, EGHTESAD ONLINE […]

Belgium: Report Reveals Euthanasia Commission Authorized Euthanasia of Three Minors in 2016–17

(Oct. 29, 2018) Belgium has the world’s only law allowing terminally ill minors in “unbearable suffering” to choose to die. (Henry Samuel, Belgium Authorized Euthanasia of a Terminally Ill Nine and 11-Year-Old in Youngest Cases Worldwide, TELEGRAPH (Aug. 7, 2018).) According to a report published on July 17, 2018, by the Commission fédérale de Contrôle […]