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Turkey: Constitutional Court Censures Lower Court for Not Enforcing Constitutional Court Judgment

(Apr. 9, 2021) On January 21, 2020, the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Turkey issued its decision in the Kadri Enis Berberoglu (3) case, censuring the Istanbul 14. Criminal Court for refusing to comply with the Constitutional Court’s prior decision in Kadri Enis Berberoglu (2). The cases arose from complaints made by Kadri […]

Nicaragua: Amendment to Code of Criminal Procedure Extends Pretrial Preventive Detention Period

(Mar. 11, 2021) On February 5, 2021, Law No. 1060, which amends Nicaragua’s Code of Criminal Procedure to extend the previous 48-hour pretrial preventive detention period for suspects, was published in the country’s official gazette and entered into force. Law No. 1060 adds a new article 253 bis to the code, stipulating that the judicial […]

Mexico: Migration Law Amendment Requires Placing Undocumented Children in Shelters, Not Detention Centers

(Feb. 26, 2021) On January 11, 2021, Mexico enacted an amendment to its Migration Law requiring that undocumented migrant minors be placed in shelters instead of immigration detention centers (as was the previous practice) while their legal status is determined by Mexican immigration authorities. Accordingly, Mexico’s Migration Law now provides that immigration authorities must refer […]

Italy: New Law Contains Measures on Visas, Territorial Waters, Virtual Proceedings in Drug Trials, and Refugee Centers

(Jan. 22, 2021) On December 20, 2020, Italy’s government issued Law No. 173 of December 18, 2020, which contains new measures concerning visas, vessels in territorial waters, virtual proceedings in drug trafficking prosecutions, and refugee center security and detainee welfare. New Provisions on Student Visas, Resident Visas for Refugees The new legislation allows foreign students who […]

France: Constitutional Court Finds Arrested Persons Have Constitutional Right to Challenge Conditions of Incarceration

(Oct. 28, 2020) In a decision of October 2, 2020, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council), France’s high court for constitutional questions, found that the absence of judicial recourse for persons under arrest to challenge their conditions of incarceration is unconstitutional. This decision was given in response to two questions prioritaires de constitutionalité (QPC) (priority question […]

England: Coronavirus Declared “Serious and Imminent Threat” to Public Health; Regulations Passed to Enable Detention and Isolation

(Mar. 3, 2020) On February 10, 2020, the secretary of state for health and social care of the United Kingdom, Matt Hancock, introduced the Health Protection (Coronavirus) Regulations 2020, which enable a number of public health measures aimed at reducing the public health risks in England arising from Wuhan novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The Regulations enable […]

Australia: Queensland Enacts Historic Human Rights Legislation

(Mar. 6, 2019) On February 27, 2019, the Queensland Parliament passed the Human Rights Bill 2018 (Qld), making it the third jurisdiction in Australia to enshrine human rights protections in such legislation. (Human Rights Bill 2018 (Qld), Queensland Parliament website; Jack Maxwell, A Human Rights Act for Queensland, OXFORD HUMAN RIGHTS HUB (Nov. 26, 2018).) […]

China: Rail Passengers Refusing to Vacate Others’ Seats Punished by Administrative Detention

(Dec. 20, 2018) On December 3, 2018, two rail passengers in China were reportedly punished by administrative detention after refusing to vacate seats booked by others, which may be the harshest punishments handed out in cases of this kind in the country. (Mandy Zuo, China Gets Tough on Train ‘Seat Robbers’ Who Refuse to Move, […]

India: Tripura State Hopes to Follow Assam in Establishing National Register of Citizens

(Nov. 5, 2018) The working president of the Congress Party in the Indian state of Tripura, Pradyot Debbarman, filed a petition before India’s Supreme Court on October 24, 2018, requesting that a National Register of Citizens be compiled for his state. Debbarman’s petition is the second one filed on this issue with the Supreme Court, […]