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Brazil: Punishment for Crimes Committed Electronically or Over Internet Increased

(June 8, 2021) On May 27, 2021, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro signed a law amending the Penal Code (Código Penal [C.P.]) to enhance the seriousness of crimes involving theft and fraud through computer device violation or over the internet. The new law, Lei No. 14.155, de 27 de Maio de 2021, increases the punishment for […]

Iraq: Parliament Considers New Anti-cybercrimes Bill

(Jan. 14, 2021) On November 23, 2020, the Iraqi Council of Representatives (parliament) finished reading and discussing a new anti-cybercrimes bill. The bill identifies a number of acts as cybercrimes and establishes penalties for them. While discussing the provisions of the bill, members of the parliament called for striking a balance between the crimes cited […]

United Kingdom: Cabinet Office Details Government Actions to Tackle Public Intimidation Ahead of General Election

(Dec. 4, 2019) The Cabinet Office of the United Kingdom has issued an update detailing actions the government has taken to tackle public intimidation that candidates may face in the upcoming general election to be held on December 12, 2019. The experiences of many candidates during the 2017 general election resulted in the government commissioning […]

Israel: Supreme Court Rejects Russian Hacker’s Petition Against Extradition to US

(Dec. 3, 2019) On November 10, 2019, the Supreme Court of Israel sitting as a High Court of Justice unanimously rejected a petition to void the minister of justice’s authorization to extradite the petitioner, Alexei Burkov, to the United States. The Court similarly rejected the petitioner’s alternative request to require the United States to commit […]

Italy: New Provisions on National Cybersecurity Enter into Force

(Oct. 16, 2019) On September 22, 2019, Decree Law No. 105 of September 21, 2019 (Decreto-Legge 21 settembre 2019, n. 105) (D.L. No. 105), containing urgent provisions on national cybersecurity, entered into force in Italy. The purpose of the new legislation is to guarantee the highest level of security for networks, information systems, and information […]