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Morocco: New Law Establishes Processes for Individuals to Challenge Constitutionality of Laws

(Apr. 25, 2018) On February 6, 2018, Morocco’s Parliament approved, in accordance with article 133 of the 2011 Moroccan Constitution, Law No. 15.86 Concerning the Determination of the Conditions and Modalities of Raising the Issue of Unconstitutionality of a Law. (Law No. 15.86 Concerning the Determination of the Conditions and Modalities of Raising the Issue […]

Italy: New Law on the Protection of Judicial Witnesses Enters into Force

(Apr. 4, 2018) On February 21, 2018, a new law on the protection of judicial witnesses came into effect in Italy. (Law No. 6 of January 11, 2018, Provisions for the Protection of Judicial Witnesses) (Law No. 6), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Feb. 6, 2018) (in Italian).) This Law seeks to dismantle the judicial strategies so […]

Egypt: British Woman Sentenced for Carrying Painkillers

(Apr. 2, 2018) On December 26, 2017, the Criminal Court of Safaga, a town on the coast of the Red Sea, sentenced a British woman to three years in prison and fined her 100,000 Egyptian pounds (EGP) (about US$5,611) for the possession of the narcotic painkiller Tramadol. (Magdy Samaan & James Masters, British Tourist Gets […]

Russia: No Warrant Needed for Chat and Email Eavesdropping

(Mar. 29, 2018) In a recently issued ruling, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation confirmed the constitutionality of the current criminal procedural order under which investigators do not need to obtain a court warrant to access the content of electronic communications found on telephones, tablets, and personal computers of persons investigated at the scene […]

Egypt: Two Singers Sentenced to Imprisonment

(Mar. 15, 2018) On February 27, 2018, the Egyptian court of misdemeanors sentenced two singers to imprisonment in two separate cases. In the first case, singer Sherine Abdel-Wahab was found guilty of insulting the state, which is a violation of article 80(d) of the Penal Code. (Brian Rohan, Egypt Courts Punish Singers for ‘Insults’ and […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Release of Pregnant Women in Pretrial Detention

(Mar. 15, 2018) On February 20, 2018, the second chamber of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided by a majority vote to grant collective habeas corpus to women currently in pretrial detention and place them under house arrest instead. This decision applies to all women prisoners in the national territory who are pregnant or mothers […]

Italy: Protection of Minors Orphaned by Domestic Violence

(Feb. 28, 2018) On February 16, 2018, new legislation on the protection of minors orphaned by domestic violence crimes entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 4 of January 11, 2018, Amendments to the Civil Code, Criminal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and Other Provisions for the Benefit of Children Orphaned by Domestic Violence Crimes) […]

Japan: Supreme Court Says Pretense of Being Deceived Did Not Affect Responsibility for Attempted Fraud

(Jan. 11, 2018) On December 11, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rendered a decision in a fraud case in which the victim cooperated with the police investigation after she realized the fraud had occurred. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (a) 1079 (Dec. 11, 2017) (click characters beside PDF icon at the bottom) (in Japanese).) In this […]

Taiwan: Proposal to Grant Witnesses Right to Legal Assistance During Questioning

(Jan. 9, 2018) On December 22, 2017, two members of Taiwan’s legislature, John Wu and Lin Wei-chou of the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang, KMT), made public at a news conference a proposed draft amendment to Taiwan’s Code of Criminal Procedure that would give witnesses who are being questioned by prosecutors or investigators the right to have […]

Italy: New Law to Combat Organized Crime Takes Effect

(Jan. 3, 2018) On November 19, 2017, new legislation to combat criminal activities of the Mafia (organized crime) entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 161 of October 17, 2017, Amending the Code of Anti-Mafia Legislation and Protection Measures Under Legislative Decree No. 159 of September 6, 2011, the Penal Code, the Implementing, Coordinating, and […]