Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Niger: ECOWAS Court of Justice Rejects Appeal of Former Niger Prime Minister and Presidential Candidate in Baby Trafficking Case

(Nov. 18, 2019) On October 30, 2019, the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) rejected the appeal of Hama Amadou against the Republic of Niger in an alleged baby trafficking case. Amadou was Niger’s prime minister from 1995 to 1996 and again from 2000 to 2007, and was the […]

Turkey: AKP Submits Draft “Judicial Reform Package” to Grand National Assembly

(Oct. 17, 2019) On October 7, 2019, the Justice Commission of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT, Turkey’s parliament) accepted a draft bill constituting a “judicial reform package” that was submitted to the GNAT by Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (the AKP) on September 30, 2019. A press statement released by the AKP stated […]

Brazil: New Law Criminalizing Abuse of Authority Enacted

(Oct. 15, 2019) On September 5, 2019, Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, promulgated Law No. 13,869 (Lei No. 13.869, de 5 de Setembro de 2019), which provides for crimes of abuse of authority and amends and revokes other laws. President Bolsonaro had initially issued 19 vetoes that encompassed 36 provisions of the Law, and the National Congress […]

Italy: Mandatory Confiscation in Security Violation Ruled Unconstitutional

(Aug. 16, 2019) On March 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 187-sexies of Legislative Decree No. 58 of 1998, which provides for the mandatory confiscation of the proceeds of an insider trading offense and the instruments used to commit it. (Decision No. 112 of March 6, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background […]

European Union: New Rules to Fight Crimes Against the EU’s Budget Take Effect

(Aug. 7, 2019) On July 6, 2019, Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2017 on the Fight Against Fraud to the Union’s Financial Interests by Means of Criminal Law (PIF Directive) took effect. The PIF Directive is part of the European Commission’s Anti-Fraud Strategy to strengthen the […]

Lebanon: Government Undertakes National Anticorruption Campaign

(June 24, 2019) On March 13, 2019, in a response to media and social network reports of ongoing major corruption investigations of judges and lawyers, Lebanon’s minister of justice, Albert Sarhan, confirmed to the National News Agency that he is coordinating and keeping abreast of these investigations aimed at rooting out corruption in the judiciary […]

Sweden: District Court Says Issuing Detention Order for Assange Not Proportional

(June 14, 2019) On June 3, 2019, Uppsala District Court issued a judgment denying a request to issue a detention order for Julian Assange. (Uppsala Tingsraett [Uppsala District Court], Case No. B 3167-19 (June 4, 2019) (in Swedish), on file with author; see also Press Release, Uppsala District Court, Decision Concerning an Application for a […]

Italy: Law on Legitimate Defense in Criminal Cases Enters into Force

(June 10, 2019) On May 18, 2019, a new law amending Criminal Code provisions on legitimate defense in criminal cases entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 36 of April 26, 2019, Amending the Criminal Code and Other Provisions on Legitimate Defense) (Law No. 36), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE [G.U., OFFICIAL GAZETTE], May 3, 2019, G.U. website […]

Italy: Revocation of Driver’s License in Cases of Vehicular Homicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 28, 2019) On April 17, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Legislative Decree No. 285 of April 30, 1992 (New Traffic Code) because it did not provide for an alternative administrative penalty of suspending the driver’s license of persons convicted of vehicular homicide (omicidio stradale) and causing serious traffic injuries […]

Sweden: Criminal Rape Investigation of Julian Assange Reopened

(May 24, 2019) On May 13, 2019, the Swedish Prosecution Authority announced that it would reopen the investigation into the accusations of rape against Julian Assange. (Press Release, Åklagarmyndigheten, Förundersökningen i Assangeärendet återupptas [Swedish Prosecution Authority, Preliminary Investigation in the Assange Case Reopened] (May 13, 2019); Åklagarmyndigheten, Beslut [Decision] AM-131226-10 (May 13, 2019), Swedish Prosecution […]