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Brazil: Castration for Pedophiles

(Feb. 9, 2009) The Brazilian Congress is currently debating a proposed law that amends the Penal Code to impose a punishment of chemical castration on persons convicted of committing rape or other sexual crimes against children and adolescents. The proposal makes the chemical punishment mandatory for recurrent convicts and optional for first-time offenders. The author […]

Peru: Sentences Imposed for Fraudulent Corporate Activities

(Feb. 3, 2009) On December 30, 2008, President Alan García Pérez of Peru signed a law that amends articles 198 and 245 of the Criminal Code (Law No. 29307). Article 198 deals with fraudulent management. A prison sentence of one to four years will be imposed on a person who, in the exercise of functions […]

Italy: Public Security

(Oct. 22, 2008) On July 24, 2008, the Italian Parliament converted into Law 125 of 2008 the Decree-Law 92 of May 23, 2008, on Urgent Matters of Public Security. The conversion includes amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. Highlights of the changes are as follows. Amendments to the Criminal Code […]

Peru: Crimes Against Copyright and Against the Environment

(Oct. 22, 2008) On October 1, 2008, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru promulgated Law 29263, which amends several articles of the Criminal Code as well as several articles of the General Law on the Environment. The amended articles of the Criminal Code are on copyright. They deal with penalties for the reproduction, publication, distribution, […]

China: Draft Amendment of the Criminal Law

(Oct. 6, 2008) On August 29, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress conducted the first reading of Amendment Seven of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft). Amendment Six of the Law was promulgated and effective on June 29, 2006. The 12 provisions set forth in the draft Amendment […]

Moldova: Prison Term for Begging

(Oct. 2, 2008) On September 26, 2008, the Parliament of Moldova adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that make begging and other related activities a felony. Under the new provisions, those who organize begging will be imprisoned for a period of up to five years upon conviction and fined up to US$2,000. The punishment […]

Iran: Eight Women, One Man Are Awaiting Stoning to Death

(Sept. 5, 2008) Under Iran's Islamic criminal law (article 83), stoning to death is the punishment for the following acts: 1- Adultery committed by a married man. A married man is a man who has a “permanent” wife and, while of sane mind, has had sexual intercourse with her and may have sexual intercourse with […]

Libya: New Penal Code Opposed

(June 2, 2008) Libyan legal activists and politicians recently warned against the enactment of a proposed new penal code, claiming it infringes on public liberties, and asked for constitutional guarantees protecting rights and liberties. Participants in a discussion organized by the Bar Association of Tripoli confirmed their commitment to abolishing the death penalty, except in […]

Ghana: Two Men Charged with Sodomy

(Dec. 2, 2007) The INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE reported that a British journalist and a 19-year old Ghanaian have been charged with sodomy after police found photos of the two men having sex. The British journalist is also charged with possession of obscene pictures. While both men pleaded guilty to "unnatural carnal knowledge," the journalist pleaded […]

China: Implementation of Court Rulings

(Nov. 2, 2007) It was reported on September 26, 2007, that China's Supreme People's Court (SCP), Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP), and Ministry of Public Security (MPS) recently jointly issued the Circular on Problems Related to Seriously Investigating and Punishing Criminal Acts of Refusing to Implement Judgments or Rulings and of Violently Resisting Court Enforcement. The […]