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Brazil: Punishment for Crimes Committed Electronically or Over Internet Increased

(June 8, 2021) On May 27, 2021, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro signed a law amending the Penal Code (Código Penal [C.P.]) to enhance the seriousness of crimes involving theft and fraud through computer device violation or over the internet. The new law, Lei No. 14.155, de 27 de Maio de 2021, increases the punishment for […]

Russian Federation: Restrictions on Media with Foreign Funding Imposed

(May 14, 2021) On April 30, 2021, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin signed into law recently adopted amendments to the Code of Administrative Violations. The amendments impose fines for distribution in mass media of materials produced by an entity recognized and registered as a foreign agent in Russia if such publications do not bear a […]

Uzbekistan: New Requirements for Uzbek Citizens’ Personal Data Localization Enter into Force

(May 7, 2021) On April 16, 2021, Uzbekistan’s Law on Amendments and Additions to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan entered into force. This law, which Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed into law on January 14, 2021, amends the country’s Law on Personal Data and introduces new requirements on personal data localization. Provisions […]

Egypt: President Declares State of Emergency for Health and Security Conditions

(May 6, 2021) On April 25, 2021, President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi issued Presidential Decree No. 174 of 2021, ratifying the extension of Egypt’s nationwide state of emergency for three months. The presidential decree cited health and security reasons as the justifications for declaring the state of emergency. On April 10, 2017, the Council of Ministers had […]

United Kingdom: New Law Provides Framework for Covert Human Intelligence

(Mar. 31, 2021) The United Kingdom enacted the Covert Human Intelligence Sources Act (the CHIS Act) on March 1, 2021. The CHIS Act provides a framework to provide a criminal conduct authorization (CCA) that enables covert human intelligence sources (CHIS) to participate in actions during the course of their work that would otherwise constitute a […]

South Korea: Abortion Decriminalized since January 1, 2021

(Mar. 18, 2021) Abortion became decriminalized in South Korea effective January 1, 2021, when the provisions of Act No. 293, the Criminal Act, that criminalized abortion became invalid. (Criminal Act, Act No. 293, Sept. 18, 1953, arts. 269–270, amended by Act No. 5057, Dec. 29, 1995.) The decriminalization of abortion was the effect of a […]

Italy: Implementation of EU Legislation on Arrest Warrants

(Mar. 9, 2021) On February 2, 2021, Italy issued Legislative Decree No. 10 (L.D. No. 10) amending domestic legislation to implement a European Union (EU) standard related to the European Arrest Warrant. General Provisions on the Implementation of the EU Arrest Warrant Under the new legislation, the implementation of EU provisions for EU arrest warrants […]

Pakistan: Supreme Court Bars Use of Death Penalty for Inmates with Serious Mental Illness

(Mar. 3, 2021) On February 10, 2021, a five-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in a landmark judgment barred the use of the death penalty for inmates with serious mental illness or disorders who are “unable to comprehend the rationale behind their execution.” Background The apex court was hearing three appeals from prisoners […]

England: Proposals Introduced to Reform Pre-charge Bail to Provide Better Protection to Victims of Violent Crime

(Mar. 1, 2021) On January 14, 2021, the U.K. government published its response to a consultation into the use of pre-charge bail amid concern that it was not being used appropriately because of a “presumption against its use,” meaning that the police must use it only when necessary. Most notably, suspects were being released after […]

China: Multiple Areas of Criminal Law Changing under New Amendment

(Feb. 26, 2021) On December 26, 2020, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) adopted the 48-article Amendment XI to the PRC Criminal Law. Taking effect on March 1, 2021, the new amendment makes changes to multiple areas under the Criminal Law, including public safety, food and drug […]