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Belarus: President Signs Decree Implementing New Procedure for Transfer of Power

(June 7, 2021) On May 9, 2021, the president of Belarus, Aleksandr Lukashenko, signed Decree No. 2 on the Protection of Sovereignty and Constitutional Order. The decree established a new procedure for the transfer of presidential duties in case of the president’s death due to assassination, terrorist attack, foreign aggression, or other actions involving the […]

Egypt: President Declares State of Emergency for Health and Security Conditions

(May 6, 2021) On April 25, 2021, President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi issued Presidential Decree No. 174 of 2021, ratifying the extension of Egypt’s nationwide state of emergency for three months. The presidential decree cited health and security reasons as the justifications for declaring the state of emergency. On April 10, 2017, the Council of Ministers had […]

Jordan: Former Crown Prince and Others Accused of Destabilizing State Security to Be Referred to State Security Court

(Apr. 12, 2021) On April 5, 2021, Jordanian Deputy Prime Minister Ayman Safadi announced in a press conference that former Crown Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, the king’s half-brother, and more than a dozen other individuals had been arrested on charges of undermining the security of the state. However, Safadi did not mention the specific […]

Turkey: Constitutional Court Censures Lower Court for Not Enforcing Constitutional Court Judgment

(Apr. 9, 2021) On January 21, 2020, the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Turkey issued its decision in the Kadri Enis Berberoglu (3) case, censuring the Istanbul 14. Criminal Court for refusing to comply with the Constitutional Court’s prior decision in Kadri Enis Berberoglu (2). The cases arose from complaints made by Kadri […]

Bahrain: Crown Prince Issues Decree to Suppress Financing of Terrorism

(Mar. 5, 2021) On February 19, 2020, the crown prince and prime minister of Bahrain, Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, issued Decree No. 12 of 2021 on the National Terrorism Lists. The decree is aimed at combating the financing of terrorism by establishing the National Terrorism List and the Sanction List, which will be […]

Tunisia: Parliament Suspends Deliberations on Draft Law on Protections for the Police

(Feb. 3, 2021) On December 17, 2020, the Tunisian Parliament suspended deliberations on a bill to increase protections for the police because of the strong opposition to the bill cited in an October 2020 report issued by the Tahir Institute of Middle East Policy. The new draft law aimed at imposing criminal sanctions against a […]

Mexico: Constitutional Reform Regarding Crimes Committed by the President of the Republic Approved

(Jan. 29, 2021) On December 15, 2020, the president of the Mexican Senate, Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar, announced the amendment of two articles of the Mexican Constitution concerning crimes committed by the president of the republic. The Senate president’s “declaration of constitutional reform” (declaratoria de reforma constitucional), which concerned articles 108 and 111 of the Constitution, […]

Iraq: Parliament Considers New Anti-cybercrimes Bill

(Jan. 14, 2021) On November 23, 2020, the Iraqi Council of Representatives (parliament) finished reading and discussing a new anti-cybercrimes bill. The bill identifies a number of acts as cybercrimes and establishes penalties for them. While discussing the provisions of the bill, members of the parliament called for striking a balance between the crimes cited […]

Germany: Bremen Prohibits Flying or Using German Imperial War Flags

(Oct. 13, 2020) On September 14, 2020, Minister of the Interior Ulrich Mäurer of the city-state of Bremen, Germany issued a decree banning the public flying or use of the German imperial war flag. Flying such a flag on private property where it is clearly intended to be and is visible to everyone is also […]