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Italy: Law on Legitimate Defense in Criminal Cases Enters into Force

(June 10, 2019) On May 18, 2019, a new law amending Criminal Code provisions on legitimate defense in criminal cases entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 36 of April 26, 2019, Amending the Criminal Code and Other Provisions on Legitimate Defense) (Law No. 36), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE [G.U., OFFICIAL GAZETTE], May 3, 2019, G.U. website […]

Italy: Revocation of Driver’s License in Cases of Vehicular Homicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 28, 2019) On April 17, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Legislative Decree No. 285 of April 30, 1992 (New Traffic Code) because it did not provide for an alternative administrative penalty of suspending the driver’s license of persons convicted of vehicular homicide (omicidio stradale) and causing serious traffic injuries […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Issues Decision on Illicit Trafficking and Possession of Drugs or Psychotropic Substances

(Apr. 15, 2019) On March 13, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the production, trafficking, and illicit possession of narcotic and psychotropic substances, declaring part of article 73(1) of Presidential Decree No. 309 of 1990 (D.P.R. No. 309) unconstitutional in that it set the minimum sentence for such crimes at eight years of […]

Egypt: Female Tourist Convicted of Spreading False Rumors That Damage Country’s Reputation

(Sept. 12, 2018) In July 2018, the Cairo Misdemeanor Court found a Lebanese female tourist, Mona el-Mazbouh, guilty of deliberately spreading false rumors against Egypt that damage the country’s reputation. The court had initially sentenced the defendant to 11 years in prison before reducing the sentence later on the same day to eight years of […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Enacts New Law for the Support of Victims of Rape

(July 11, 2018) The State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, has enacted a Law to create a program for the support of victims of rape in the state. According to article 2(§ 1) of Law No. 8,007 of June 26, 2018, the testimony of the female victim and the information collected in the health unit […]

Brazil: National Council of Justice and Federal Council of Psychology Sign Protocol of Intentions to Help Victims of Violence

(July 11, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the President of the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) and the president of the Federal Council of Psychology (Conselho Federal de Psicologia, CFP) signed a protocol of intentions to give psychological assistance to women who have been subjected to domestic and family violence, as […]

Sweden: Parliament Makes Lack of Consent the Basis for Rape Charges, Introduces Criminal Liability for Negligent Sexual Assault

(July 3, 2018) On May 23, 2018, the Swedish Parliament passed legislation that changes the definition of rape under Swedish law. The law currently considers a person to be guilty of rape “who, by assault or otherwise by force or threat of a criminal act forces another person to have sexual intercourse.” (6 kap 1 […]

Saudi Arabia: Shura Council Approves Anti-harassment Bill

(June 14, 2018) The 150-member Saudi Parliament in its 40th ordinary session of May 28, 2018, approved a new anti-harassment law by an 84-vote majority. (Royal Decree No. 96/M of May 31, 2018, government weekly newspaper Umm al-Qura website (in Arabic); Shura Holds Its 40th Ordinary Session, SAUDI PRESS AGENCY (May 28, 2018); Habib Toumi, Saudi […]

Italy: Protection of Minors Orphaned by Domestic Violence

(Feb. 28, 2018) On February 16, 2018, new legislation on the protection of minors orphaned by domestic violence crimes entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 4 of January 11, 2018, Amendments to the Civil Code, Criminal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and Other Provisions for the Benefit of Children Orphaned by Domestic Violence Crimes) […]

Liberia: Temporary Ban on Domestic Violence, Including Female Genital Mutilation

(Jan. 31, 2018) On January 19, 2018, as one of her last acts in office before handing power to current President George Weah, former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf issued an executive order on domestic violence.  (Press Release, Liberia Executive Mansion, President Sirleaf Signs Executive Order on Domestic Violence (Jan. 20, 2018).) Sirleaf issued the Order after […]