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England: Restrictions on Privacy in Parole Hearings Loosened

(Mar. 15, 2021) On February 8, 2021, England’s government announced its intention to amend rule 15 of the Parole Board Rules 2019, which provide that, with limited exceptions, all parole hearings should be held in private, to provide transparency and confidence in the parole system. Changes to the rules will end what is effectively a […]

Bahrain: Crown Prince Issues Decree to Suppress Financing of Terrorism

(Mar. 5, 2021) On February 19, 2020, the crown prince and prime minister of Bahrain, Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, issued Decree No. 12 of 2021 on the National Terrorism Lists. The decree is aimed at combating the financing of terrorism by establishing the National Terrorism List and the Sanction List, which will be […]

England: Proposals Introduced to Reform Pre-charge Bail to Provide Better Protection to Victims of Violent Crime

(Mar. 1, 2021) On January 14, 2021, the U.K. government published its response to a consultation into the use of pre-charge bail amid concern that it was not being used appropriately because of a “presumption against its use,” meaning that the police must use it only when necessary. Most notably, suspects were being released after […]

Great Britain: House of Commons Advances Bill to Limit Criminal Prosecution of Veterans for Acts Committed during Overseas Operations

(Oct. 7, 2020) On September 23, 2020, the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill received its second reading in the British House of Commons and progressed through to the Committee stage with a comfortable majority. The bill aims to provide certainty for Service personnel and veterans by protecting them from vexatious legal claims for […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Mandates Reporting by Condominium Managers of Domestic Violence

(Oct. 2, 2020) On September 18, 2020, the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No. 9,014, which provides that instances or evidence of domestic violence against women, children, adolescents, people with disabilities, or elderly people, in condominium units must be communicated to the condominium managers (síndicos) or other condominium administrators, who […]

Turkey: Constitutional Court Finds Violation of Constitutional Rights in Courts’ Failure to Decide on Abortion Authorization in Pregnancy Resulting from Sexual Assault

(Sept. 30, 2020) On September 10, 2020, a judgment of the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Turkey in the case of R.G. was published in the Official Gazette. The Court found that a minor crime victim’s right to protect and improve her corporeal and spiritual existence enshrined in article 17 of the Constitution […]

Saudi Arabia: Court Issues Final Sentences in Khashoggi Case

(Sept. 22, 2020) On September 7, 2020, the Criminal Court of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, issued final sentences for eight defendants in the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. The court had previously sentenced five of the defendants to death but, according to the Public Prosecution, the court replaced the death sentence with the penalty of […]

Egypt: Parliament Approves Draft Law Concealing the Identity of Victims of Sexual Violence Crimes during the Pretrial Investigative Stage

(Sept. 8, 2020) On August 16, 2020, the Egyptian Council of Representatives (Egypt’s parliament) in a general session approved a draft law aimed at protecting the reputations of victims of sexual violence and encouraging the reporting of sexual crimes. Two-thirds of the members of parliament voted in a favor of passing the draft law. The […]

Italy: Provision of Regional Basilicata Law Granting State Legal Aid to Certain Criminal Defendants Ruled Unconstitutional

(Mar. 3, 2020) On November 19, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of article 7, paragraph 2 of Law No. 45 of the Basilicata Region, which granted legal assistance to certain criminal defendants. (Decision No. 285 of November 11, 2019  (the Decision) (in Italian).) Request for Declaration of Unconstitutionality  The President of the […]