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England and Wales: Bill Seeks to Increase Animal Cruelty Prison Sentences

(Sept. 10, 2019) The Animal Welfare (Sentencing) Bill was introduced in England and Wales on June 25, 2019, to increase the maximum sentence applicable to individuals who cause unnecessary suffering to animals. The aim of the bill is to deter cruelty to animals and ensure that judges have appropriate means to sentence individuals in the […]

Brazil: Provisional Measure Creates Financial Intelligence Unit

(Sept. 5, 2019) On August 19, 2019, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro enacted Provisional Measure No. 893 (Medida Provisória No. 893, de 19 de Agosto de 2019), which transforms the Financial Activities Control Board (Conselho de Controle de Atividades Financeiras, COAF) into the Financial Intelligence Unit (Unidade de Inteligência Financeira). The Provisional Measure makes the Financial […]

England and Wales: Man Receives First Conviction Under the Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act For Stabbing Police Dog

(Sept. 4, 2019) On August 5, 2019, a man from the West Midlands of England became the first person convicted under the recently enacted Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act for stabbing a police dog in the head while resisting arrest from the dog’s handler. The defendant, who was under the influence of drugs at the […]

Brazil: New Regulation on Firearms and Ammunition Enacted

(Aug. 27, 2019) On June 25, 2019, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,847 to regulate the acquisition, registration, possession, and sale of firearms and ammunition, as well as define the responsibilities of the National Arms System (Sistema Nacional de Armas, SINARM) and create the Military Weapons Management System (Sistema de Gerenciamento Militar de Armas). The Decree […]

Argentina: New Requirement Adopted for Foreigners Seeking Permanent Residence

(Mar. 25, 2019) On March 1, 2019, the Dirección Nacional de Migraciones (National Directorate on Immigration) adopted a measure requiring that foreigners who apply for permanent residence in Argentina prove they have had no criminal record during the ten years prior to their application. The new provision constitutes a seven-year increase over the previous requirement. […]

Australia: Bill Enabling Law Enforcement and Intelligence Agencies to Access Encrypted Information Passes

(Dec. 14, 2018) On December 6, 2018, the Australian Parliament passed the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment (Assistance and Access) Bill 2018 (Cth) (as enacted; all legislation links are to Federal Register of Legislation website.) The Bill amends the Telecommunications Act 1997 (Cth) to “establish “frameworks for voluntary and mandatory industry assistance to law enforcement and […]

Egypt: President Ratifies Anti-Cybercrime Law

(Oct. 5, 2018) In August 2018, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ratified Law No. 175 of 2018, the “Anti-Cyber and Information Technology Crimes” law. (Law No. 175 of 2018, AL-JARIDAH AL- RASMIYAH [OFFICIAL GAZETTE], vol. 32 (bis) (c), 14 Aug. 2018 (in Arabic).) The newly enacted law, published in the Official Gazette on August 19, […]

Japan: Age of Adulthood to Be Lowered to 18 in 2022

(Aug. 30, 2018) The Diet (Japan’s Parliament) passed an act in June 2018 to amend the Civil Code and other laws (Act No. 59 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra Ed. No. 132, at 6 (June 20, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese)) to lower the age of adulthood to 18 (CIVIL CODE, as […]

European Union: 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive Enters into Force

(July 16, 2018) On July 9, 2018, the amendment of the European Union (EU) Anti-Money Laundering Directive (5th AMLD) entered into force. The AMLD obligates certain entities to fulfill customer due diligence requirements when they conduct business transactions and have in place policies and procedures to detect, prevent, and report money laundering and terrorist financing. […]

Sweden: Parliament Makes Lack of Consent the Basis for Rape Charges, Introduces Criminal Liability for Negligent Sexual Assault

(July 3, 2018) On May 23, 2018, the Swedish Parliament passed legislation that changes the definition of rape under Swedish law. The law currently considers a person to be guilty of rape “who, by assault or otherwise by force or threat of a criminal act forces another person to have sexual intercourse.” (6 kap 1 […]