Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

England and Wales: New Powers to Prevent Knife Crime to Be Piloted Across London

(Mar. 25, 2020) On March 4, 2020, the government of England and Wales introduced new Knife Crime Prevention Orders (KCPO) under part 2 of the Offensive Weapons Act 2019 as a pilot program to provide police throughout the London metropolitan area with greater powers to help prevent knife crime. KCPOs are preventive civil orders and […]

Israel: Emergency Regulations Authorize Digital Surveillance of Coronavirus Patients and Persons Subjected to Home Isolation

(Mar. 18, 2020) On March 15 and 17, 2020, Israel’s transitional government headed by Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu approved two separate emergency regulations that allow, among other things, the use of digital surveillance by the General Security Service (GSS) and provide expanded search authority to the Israel Police to combat the spread of the coronavirus. […]

Netherlands: Court Prohibits Government’s Use of AI Software to Detect Welfare Fraud

(Mar. 13, 2020) On February 5, 2020, the District Court of The Hague (Rechtbank Den Haag) held that the System Risk Indication (SyRI) algorithm system, a legal instrument that the Dutch government uses to detect fraud in areas such as benefits, allowances, and taxes, violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) […]

Israel: Police and Ministry of Health Will Jointly Supervise Mandatory Quarantine for Designated Persons; Interactive Countrywide Coronavirus Exposure Map Posted

(Mar. 12, 2020) Israel’s Ministry of Health (MOH) has posted an interactive map of areas in Israel and the West Bank indicating places exposed to the coronavirus by patients in the 14 days before their diagnosis with the disease. The map enables Israeli residents to check the exposed places by address. The MOH website also […]

Mexico: OAS International Forum on Prisons Spurs Mexican Reform Bills

(Mar. 12, 2020) On February 6, 2020, the Organization of American States (OAS) released a statement summarizing the results of a Meeting of Officials Responsible for the Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the Americas, an OAS working group tasked with the formulation of measures aimed at improving prison systems. Mexico attended the meeting, along with […]

New Zealand: Bill to Restore Voting Rights for Some Prisoners Introduced

(Mar. 6, 2020) On February 25, 2020, the New Zealand government introduced the Electoral (Registration of Sentenced Prisoners) Amendment Bill in the Parliament. The bill amends the Electoral Act 1993 to enable people sentenced to terms of imprisonment of less than three years to vote in the country’s general elections. This would reinstate the rule […]

Italy: Provision of Regional Basilicata Law Granting State Legal Aid to Certain Criminal Defendants Ruled Unconstitutional

(Mar. 3, 2020) On November 19, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of article 7, paragraph 2 of Law No. 45 of the Basilicata Region, which granted legal assistance to certain criminal defendants. (Decision No. 285 of November 11, 2019  (the Decision) (in Italian).) Request for Declaration of Unconstitutionality  The President of the […]

France: European Court of Human Rights Finds France in Violation of European Human Rights Convention Due to Overcrowded Prisons

(Feb. 26, 2020) On January 30, 2020, the European Court of Human Rights (E.C.H.R.) found that France was in violation of the European Convention of Human Rights because of poor conditions of detention in several prisons. The decision in J.M.B. and Others v. France was in response to petitions brought by 32 inmates of several […]