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Australia: Bill to Establish New Federal Family Violence Orders Introduced

(June 22, 2021) On March 24, 2021, the Family Law Amendment (Federal Family Violence Orders) Bill 2021 (Cth) (the bill) was introduced in the Australian Parliament to amend the federal Family Law Act 1975 (Cth). If passed, the bill would establish new federal family violence orders that are criminally enforceable if breached. The bill was […]

Russian Federation: New COVID-19 Related Restrictions Imposed, Migrant Deportation Moratorium Extended

(June 17, 2021) Because of the worsening epidemiological situation in Russia, the mayors of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the two largest Russian cities having the legal status of a constituent component of a federation (equivalent to a state in the United States) have introduced new restrictions on businesses and services. The mayor of Moscow ordered […]

China: Revised Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law Takes Effect

(June 9, 2021) On June 1, 2021, a revised version of China’s Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law entered into effect. (Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law (official gazette version), revised by National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC), Dec. 26, 2020, English translation by NPCSC.) The revision abolished the controversial “custody and instruction” for delinquent juveniles—a system started in […]

Brazil: Punishment for Crimes Committed Electronically or Over Internet Increased

(June 8, 2021) On May 27, 2021, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro signed a law amending the Penal Code (Código Penal [C.P.]) to enhance the seriousness of crimes involving theft and fraud through computer device violation or over the internet. The new law, Lei No. 14.155, de 27 de Maio de 2021, increases the punishment for […]

Belarus: President Signs Decree Implementing New Procedure for Transfer of Power

(June 7, 2021) On May 9, 2021, the president of Belarus, Aleksandr Lukashenko, signed Decree No. 2 on the Protection of Sovereignty and Constitutional Order. The decree established a new procedure for the transfer of presidential duties in case of the president’s death due to assassination, terrorist attack, foreign aggression, or other actions involving the […]

European Union: Commission Publishes Proposal to Regulate Artificial Intelligence

(May 26, 2021) On April 21, 2021, the European Commission published a legislative proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act). The AI Act addresses the risks of AI systems to the safety or fundamental rights of citizens by following an approach based on risks ranging from unacceptable to minimal. Whereas certain harmful AI-enabled practices […]

France: Government Initiates Judicial Reforms

(May 25, 2021) On April 14, 2021, the French prime minister and the minister of justice submitted a bill to Parliament that aims to reform certain aspects of the French judiciary and to “restore trust between citizens and the judiciary institutions.” This bill includes provisions on filming trials, preliminary investigations, attorney-client privilege and the confidentiality […]

Egypt: Senate Approves Draft Law to Enhance Penalties against Bullying of Persons with Disabilities

(May 18, 2021) On April 4, 2020, the Egyptian Senate during a plenary session approved a draft law amending some provisions of Law No. 10 of 2018 on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The draft law aims at combating the act of bullying persons with disabilities. The draft law will now be reviewed by […]

France: Parliament Adopts Domestic Security Bill

(May 11, 2021) On April 15, 2021, the French Parliament adopted a bill on domestic security entitled “Bill for Overall Security Which Preserves Freedoms.” This bill, which is currently under review by the Constitutional Council before President Emmanuel Macron can sign it into law, aims to change the legislative framework concerning video surveillance, police body […]