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Japan: Illegal Receipt of COVID-19 Subsidy for Small- and Medium-Sized Companies Rigorously Prosecuted

(Nov. 2, 2020) On July 22, 2020, a 19-year-old college student became the first person in Japan to be arrested for submitting false information and fraudulently receiving COVID-19 subsidy money intended for small- and medium-sized companies and freelancers. Later, on October 22, 2020, five people in their 20s who had taught the college student how […]

France: Constitutional Court Finds Arrested Persons Have Constitutional Right to Challenge Conditions of Incarceration

(Oct. 28, 2020) In a decision of October 2, 2020, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council), France’s high court for constitutional questions, found that the absence of judicial recourse for persons under arrest to challenge their conditions of incarceration is unconstitutional. This decision was given in response to two questions prioritaires de constitutionalité (QPC) (priority question […]

Russian Federation: Government Agrees with Lowering Threshold for Personal Data Protection during Coronavirus Pandemic

(Oct. 26, 2020) On October 13, 2020, the Russian Federal Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media confirmed the legality of a decree issued by the mayor of Moscow, Sergey Sobyanin, requiring that, beginning October 5, 2020, all employers in the city of Moscow transfer to telework at least one-third of all employees, as […]

Germany: Upskirting Criminalized

(Oct. 23, 2020) On October 14, 2020, an amendment to the German Criminal Code that makes upskirting a crime was published in the German Federal Law Gazette. Upskirting refers to the act of taking photos or videos under women’s clothing without permission. The amendment will enter into force on January 1, 2021.  Content of the […]

United Kingdom: Proposed Regulations Would Provide Amnesty and Compensation for Weapons Prohibited under 2019 Law

(Oct. 21, 2020) The draft of new regulations aimed at helping to ensure the safe surrender of weapons whose possession was made unlawful under the Offensive Weapons Act 2019 was laid before the United Kingdom’s (UK’s) Parliament on June 9, 2020. If approved, the Surrender of Offensive Weapons (Compensation) Regulations 2020 will set out arrangements […]

Finland: Supreme Court Orders Dissolution of Neo-Nazi Association that Violates Human Rights

(Oct. 16, 2020) On September 22, 2020, the Finnish Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Nordiska Motståndsrörelsen (NMR) (Nordic Resistance Movement), an unregistered neo-Nazi association. The Supreme Court found that the association is unlawful because its activities and stated objectives violate law and good practice. It also found that the association’s activities are not protected […]

Germany: Bremen Prohibits Flying or Using German Imperial War Flags

(Oct. 13, 2020) On September 14, 2020, Minister of the Interior Ulrich Mäurer of the city-state of Bremen, Germany issued a decree banning the public flying or use of the German imperial war flag. Flying such a flag on private property where it is clearly intended to be and is visible to everyone is also […]

Israel: Sex-Offense Suspect Declared Extraditable to Australia after Long Process

(Oct. 12, 2020) On September 21, 2020, Jerusalem District Court Judge Hannah Miriam Lump declared Malka Leifer extraditable to stand trial in Australia for sex offenses she allegedly committed between 2000 and 2008 in that country. (Extradition File 23733-08-14 Israel v. Leifer, Dist. Ct. (Jerusalem), decision by Judge Hannah Miriam Lump, Sept. 21, 2020 (Decision).) […]

England and Wales: New Proposals Would Give Police Targeted Stop-and-Search Powers to Tackle Knife Crimes

(Oct. 8, 2020) On September 14, 2020, the government published a public consultation to receive opinions about the design of its newly proposed Serious Violence Reduction Orders (SVROs), which aim to tackle knife crime across England and Wales. The proposed SVROs would create a new stop-and-search power enabling the police to take an “intelligence based, […]