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European Court of Justice: Court Confirms French, Belgian, and Swedish Prosecutors Can Issue European Arrest Warrants

(Jan. 17, 2020) In a series of decisions issued on December 12, 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) confirmed that the public prosecutor’s offices of France, Belgium, and Sweden could issue European arrest warrants on their own. These decisions were issued for cases C-625/19 PPU, C-627/19 PPU and, jointly, C-56ed76 6/19 […]

European Union: New Directive on Whistleblower Protection Enters into Force

(Jan. 16, 2020) On December 16, 2019, Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2019 on the Protection of Persons Who Report Breaches of Union Law (Whistleblower Directive) entered into force. A European Union (EU) directive is binding only as to the result it sets out to achieve; […]

Italy: Criminal Code Provision Outlawing Assisted Suicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(Jan. 7, 2020) On November 22, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared that application of article 580 of the Penal Code penalizing assisted suicide is unconstitutional in certain circumstances. (Decision No. 242 of November 22, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background of the Case The case was referred to the Constitutional Court by the Court of […]

New Zealand: Bill Pardoning Māori Prophet Convicted in 1916 Passed

(Jan. 2, 2020) On December 18, 2019, the New Zealand Parliament passed historic legislation that pardons Rua Kēnana, a pacifist religious prophet from the Tuhoe iwi (tribe) who was convicted in August 1916 of “moral resistance” to a police attempt to arrest him in February 1916. In April 1916, around seventy armed police officers came to the […]

Norway: Supreme Court Finds Passive Father Responsible for Aiding and Abetting Mother’s Physical Abuse of Children

(Dec. 30, 2019) On November 27, 2019, the Norwegian Supreme Court affirmed the conviction of a man for aiding and abetting the gross abuse of a dependent by neglecting to protect the children from their abusive mother, and increased the sentence from two years and six months’ imprisonment to three years’ imprisonment. (Norwegian Supreme Court, […]

Sweden: Former Ambassador Charged with “Arbitrariness During Negotiations with a Foreign Power”

(Dec. 27, 2019) On December 9, 2019, the Swedish prosecutor charged former ambassador to China, Anna Lindstedt, with “arbitrariness during negotiations with a foreign power” (egenmäktighet vid förhandling med främmande makt), for conducting secret negotiations, without prior authorization from the Swedish Foreign Ministry, with parties that represented the Chinese government’s interest in relation to the […]

Mexico: Bill Granting Amnesty for Certain Drug Crimes and Offenses Committed by Indigenous People Passed

(Dec. 26, 2019) On December 11, 2019, Mexico’s House of Representatives announced that it had passed a bill proposing to grant amnesty for the commission of certain crimes, provided that applicable requirements are met. These crimes include the possession of narcotics in small quantities under a number of circumstances, such as cases in which the […]

New Zealand: Bill Enabling Control Orders for Returning “Foreign Fighters” Passed

(Dec. 26, 2019) On December 12, 2019, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Terrorism Suppression (Control Orders) Bill, which allows the commissioner of police to apply to the High Court for control orders to be imposed on New Zealanders who have engaged in terrorism-related activity overseas. The minister of justice, Andrew Little, stated that the Bill […]

Belgium: Parliament Votes to Remove Statute of Limitations for Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Dec. 19, 2019) On November 28, 2019, the Belgian Chamber of Representatives adopted a bill to remove the statute of limitations for “serious sexual crimes committed against minors” (délits sexuels graves commis sur des mineurs). Under articles 21 and 21bis of the current version of the Belgian Code of Criminal Procedure, the statute of limitations […]