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Bahrain: Royal Decree Enacted Regarding Mediation for Dispute Settlement

(Mar. 6, 2020) On October 13, 2019, the King of Bahrain issued Royal Decree 22/2019, regarding mediation for dispute settlement. The Royal Decree, consisting of 20 articles, is the first legal instrument in Bahrain that provides the definition of “mediation” and regulates the requirements that mediators must meet and their responsibilities. Also, for the first […]

Germany: Federal Court of Justice Rules on Legal Tech

(Dec. 23, 2019) On November 27, 2019, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH), Germany’s supreme court for civil and criminal cases, held that the services provided by the company Lexfox, which is registered as a legal services provider for collection services, did not violate the German Legal Services Act. The decision was highly […]

Germany: Court Prohibits Legal Contract Generator Platform

(Oct. 31, 2019) On October 8, 2019, the Higher Regional Court of Cologne held that the services provided by a legal contract generator platform violated the German Legal Services Act. It instructed the owner of the contract platform to cease its operations and stop advertising it. Applicable Law The Legal Services Act defines a legal […]

Germany: First Agreement to Implement “Good Day Care Act” Concluded

(Apr. 30, 2019) On April 25, 2019, the German federal government and the state of Bremen signed an agreement to implement what has been called the “Good Day Care Act.” The agreement is the first of sixteen agreements that the federal government will conclude with the German states over the course of the next several […]

Malta: Government Passes Three Laws to Encourage Blockchain Technology

(Aug. 31, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the Maltese government enacted three laws whose goal is to make Malta a haven for projects that rely on blockchain and other distributed ledger technology (DLT). The Malta Digital Innovation Authority Act (MDIA Act), Innovative Technology Arrangements and Services Act (ITAS Act), and Virtual Financial Assets Act (VFA […]

Japan: Age of Adulthood to Be Lowered to 18 in 2022

(Aug. 30, 2018) The Diet (Japan’s Parliament) passed an act in June 2018 to amend the Civil Code and other laws (Act No. 59 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra Ed. No. 132, at 6 (June 20, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese)) to lower the age of adulthood to 18 (CIVIL CODE, as […]

Italy: New Legislation Regulating the Audiovisual Sector

(Jan. 26, 2018) On December 28, 2017, three new Legislative Decrees (L.D.s) regulating the film and audiovisual sector were published in Italy, with an effective date of December 1, 2018. (L.D. No. 202 of December 7, 2017, Provisions on Employment in the Film and Audiovisual Sector; L.D. No. 203 of December 7, 2017, Reform of […]

United Arab Emirates: New Law to Support Domestic Workers

(Nov. 9, 2017) On September 26, 2017, Sheikh Khalifa, President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), issued Federal Law No. 10 of 2017.  The new Law is aimed at strengthening the legal measures for the protection of domestic service workers. (President Issues Law on Support Service Workers, Cabinet of the UAE website (Sept. 26, 2017).) […]