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Indonesia: Constitutional Court Rejects Challenge to Law Establishing Papua as a Province

(Jan. 31, 2020) On January 6, 2020, Indonesia’s Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi) issued a decision in which it rejected an application for judicial review of Law No. 12/1969 on the establishment of the West Irian Autonomous Province and the Autonomous Districts in the West Irian Province. (Mahkamah Konstitusi Putusan [Decision] No. 35/PUU-XVII/2019.) The area that made up […]

China: National Supervision Commission Granted Power to Make Supervision Regulations

(Jan. 10, 2020) On October 26, 2019, China’s National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) issued a decision to grant the country’s highest supervisory organ, the National Supervision Commission, the power to make supervision regulations. The four-article decision took effect on October 27, 2019. (Decision art. 4.) The National Supervision Commission According to China’s 2018 amended […]

France: Council of State Rules a Law May Prohibit Something Without Providing a Criminal Sanction

(Dec. 16, 2019) The Conseil d’Etat (Council of State), France’s highest jurisdiction for matters of administrative law, ruled on October 24, 2019, that a law may prohibit a behavior without providing the particular remedy of a penal sanction. At the center of this case is a 2005 law, Loi n° 2005-158 du 23 février 2005 […]

Bolivia: Special Elections Called After President Morales Resigns

(Dec. 13, 2019) On November 22, 2019, interim Bolivian President Jeanine Áñez called for general elections to elect a new president and vice president and new leaders of the Senate and Chamber of Deputies. Áñez, a member of the Bolivian Senate, had proclaimed herself interim president following the resignation of President Evo Morales, his vice […]

United States: The Constitution Annotated—Impeachment Resources

(Dec. 9, 2019) The Library of Congress has updated the Constitution Annotated essays pertaining to impeachment and incorporated them in the annotations to Article I, Article II, and Article III of the Constitution. In addition, the updated impeachment essays are consolidated in Resources about Impeachment. Additional information on impeachment is available on the website’s Beyond the Constitution Annotated: Table of Additional Resources under Resources. The […]

Pakistan: Electronic Media Regulatory Authority Issues Directive Barring TV Anchors from Offering Opinions

(Nov. 21, 2019) On October 27, 2019, the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA), an independent federal institution responsible for regulating the issuance of broadcasting licenses and distribution of privately owned print and electronic media channels (including those for radio, television, and satellite broadcasting), issued a directive under Section 18(g) of the Television Broadcast Station […]

Colombia: Constitutional Reforms Proposed to Increase Punishment for Violent and Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Nov. 12, 2019) During debates over the last several months in the Colombian Congress regarding a proposed constitutional reform to apply life imprisonment to perpetrators of violent and sexual crimes against children, representative Jaime Rodriguez submitted an additional and highly controversial proposal to impose the death penalty for those who commit such crimes. Article 11 of the Colombian […]

Ukraine: Law on Impeachment of President Adopted

(Nov. 7, 2019) On September 26, 2019, the Law on the Special Procedure for Removing the President of Ukraine from Office (Impeachment Law) entered into force. The Law defines legal procedures for impeachment—a mechanism prescribed by the country’s constitution—and for entrusting the national legislature, the Verkhovna Rada, with the power to remove the president from […]

France: Constitutional Court Extends Principle of Affordable Public Education to Higher Education

(Oct. 30, 2019) On October 11, 2019, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council, France’s constitutional court) ruled that public higher education should remain affordable for all, including students from outside the European Union (EU). This ruling stems from a decision by the French government to increase fees paid by students from outside the EU. Under the […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]