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Italy: Law Regulating Duration of Administrative Processes Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 17, 2019) On February 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared article 54, paragraph 2 of Decree-Law No. 112 of June 25, 2008 unconstitutional because the provision establishes an excessive duration for administrative procedures. In its decision, the Court highlighted that all legal procedures must have a reasonable duration. By declaring this provision unconstitutional, […]

Ukraine: Legislature Adopts Language Law

(May 13, 2019) On April 25, 2019, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine’s legislature) adopted a law enhancing the role of Ukrainian as a state language. (Proekt Zakonu Pro Zabespechennya Funktsionuvannya Ukrainskoi Movi Yak Derzhavnoi [Law on Ensuring the Functioning of the Ukrainian Language as a State Language], Verkhovna Rada website (scroll down and click “Tekst zakonoproektu […]

Mexico: Constitutional Amendment on National Guard Enacted

(May 8, 2019) On March 26, 2019, the Mexican government published a constitutional amendment that provides for the creation of Mexico’s National Guard. (Decreto el que se reforman, adicionan y derogan diversas disposiciones de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, en materia de Guardia Nacional [Decree Amending the Constitution in the Matter of […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Issues Decision on Illicit Trafficking and Possession of Drugs or Psychotropic Substances

(Apr. 15, 2019) On March 13, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the production, trafficking, and illicit possession of narcotic and psychotropic substances, declaring part of article 73(1) of Presidential Decree No. 309 of 1990 (D.P.R. No. 309) unconstitutional in that it set the minimum sentence for such crimes at eight years of […]

Japan: Law Requiring Surgery for Legal Change of Gender Ruled Constitutional

(Apr. 12, 2019) On January 23, 2019, Japan’s Supreme Court held that a law requiring that transgender people undergo gender-change surgery in order to have their gender changed on official documents is constitutional. (Supreme Court, 2018(ku) No. 269 (Jan. 23, 2019) (click on the two characters beside the PDF icon), Supreme Court of Japan website […]

Egypt: New Constitutional Amendments Proposed

(Feb. 13, 2019) On February 5, 2019, the General Committee of the Egyptian Parliament approved a petition signed by 120 members of the House of the Representatives to amend some articles of the Egyptian Constitution of 2014 and add some new ones. (Nour Ali, General Committee of Parliament Approves Proposed Constitutional Amendments by Two-Thirds Majority, […]

Venezuela: President of the National Assembly Cites Constitutional Basis for Assuming Office the Presidency on an Interim Basis

(Jan. 31, 2019) On January 23, 2019, the president of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, declared that he was assuming the office of the presidency on an interim basis on the basis of article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution. (CONSTITUTION OF BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA [CV], Dec. 30, 1999, as amended, art. 233 (in Spanish).) […]

Mexico: Lower House of Congress Approves Reform to Create a National Guard

(Jan. 28, 2019) In a plenary session held on January 16, 2019, Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies approved a constitutional amendment for the creation of a National Guard. The amendment was approved after nine hours of debate, with 348 votes in favor, 108 votes against, and 10 abstentions. (David Vicenteño y Héctor Figueroa, Deputies Approve Creation […]

Guinea: President Refuses to Approve New Civil Code Legalizing Polygamy

(Jan. 28, 2019) On December 29, 2018, the Guinean Parliament adopted a new Civil Code to replace the one that Guinea has had since 1983. (Guinean Civil Code: Some Advances for Women, but Polygamy Legalized, RFI AFRIQUE (Dec. 31, 2018) (in French); NEW CIVIL CODE (DRAFT), Feb. 2016, Guinea Millenium Challenge Corporation (MCC Guinée) website.) However, […]

Mexico: Central Bank Challenges Pay Limits for Public Servants Law Before Supreme Court

(Jan. 23, 2019) In a press release issued on January 3, 2019, the Bank of Mexico (Mexico’s central bank) announced it was filing a constitutional suit before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. The Bank is asking the Court to establish and delimit the scope of application of the Federal Law on Remuneration […]