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Malaysia: Bill Reducing Voting Age to 18 Passed

(July 18, 2019) On July 16, 2019, the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, passed the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2019, which reduces the voting age in national and state elections from the current 21 years to 18 years. The Bill received 211 votes—the number of members present for the vote—surpassing the two-thirds […]

Russia: President Signs Law Allowing Adoption of Children by People with Particular Diseases

(June 26, 2019) On May 29, 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill that allows courts to use discretion in approving adoption orders concerning children who already live with their prospective adoptive parents if one of the parents is suffering from certain diseases. (Federal Law No. 115 of May 29, 2019, on […]

Egypt: National Referendum on Constitutional Amendments Takes Place

(June 5, 2019) On April 22, 2019, Egyptians completed casting their votes on constitutional amendments to the 2014 Egyptian Constitution. The polling was carried out over a three-day period throughout the country. (Egypt Polls Close After 3-Day Vote to Extend El-Sissi’s Rule, ASSOCIATED PRESS (Apr. 22, 2019).) The amendments passed with over 88% of voters […]

Italy: Revocation of Driver’s License in Cases of Vehicular Homicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 28, 2019) On April 17, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Legislative Decree No. 285 of April 30, 1992 (New Traffic Code) because it did not provide for an alternative administrative penalty of suspending the driver’s license of persons convicted of vehicular homicide (omicidio stradale) and causing serious traffic injuries […]

Italy: Law Regulating Duration of Administrative Processes Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 17, 2019) On February 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared article 54, paragraph 2 of Decree-Law No. 112 of June 25, 2008 unconstitutional because the provision establishes an excessive duration for administrative procedures. In its decision, the Court highlighted that all legal procedures must have a reasonable duration. By declaring this provision unconstitutional, […]

Ukraine: Legislature Adopts Language Law

(May 13, 2019) On April 25, 2019, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine’s legislature) adopted a law enhancing the role of Ukrainian as a state language. (Proekt Zakonu Pro Zabespechennya Funktsionuvannya Ukrainskoi Movi Yak Derzhavnoi [Law on Ensuring the Functioning of the Ukrainian Language as a State Language], Verkhovna Rada website (scroll down and click “Tekst zakonoproektu […]

Mexico: Constitutional Amendment on National Guard Enacted

(May 8, 2019) On March 26, 2019, the Mexican government published a constitutional amendment that provides for the creation of Mexico’s National Guard. (Decreto el que se reforman, adicionan y derogan diversas disposiciones de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, en materia de Guardia Nacional [Decree Amending the Constitution in the Matter of […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Issues Decision on Illicit Trafficking and Possession of Drugs or Psychotropic Substances

(Apr. 15, 2019) On March 13, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the production, trafficking, and illicit possession of narcotic and psychotropic substances, declaring part of article 73(1) of Presidential Decree No. 309 of 1990 (D.P.R. No. 309) unconstitutional in that it set the minimum sentence for such crimes at eight years of […]

Japan: Law Requiring Surgery for Legal Change of Gender Ruled Constitutional

(Apr. 12, 2019) On January 23, 2019, Japan’s Supreme Court held that a law requiring that transgender people undergo gender-change surgery in order to have their gender changed on official documents is constitutional. (Supreme Court, 2018(ku) No. 269 (Jan. 23, 2019) (click on the two characters beside the PDF icon), Supreme Court of Japan website […]

Egypt: New Constitutional Amendments Proposed

(Feb. 13, 2019) On February 5, 2019, the General Committee of the Egyptian Parliament approved a petition signed by 120 members of the House of the Representatives to amend some articles of the Egyptian Constitution of 2014 and add some new ones. (Nour Ali, General Committee of Parliament Approves Proposed Constitutional Amendments by Two-Thirds Majority, […]