Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decides Right to Be Forgotten Is Not Supported by Constitution

(Mar. 15, 2021) On February 11, 2021, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) dismissed the extraordinary appeal by family members of the victim of a notorious 1958 murder who had sought redress for the reconstruction of the case on a 2004 TV show without their permission. In a ruling of “general repercussion”—one […]

Italy: Supreme Court Rules on Relevance of Public Policy in Arbitration

(Feb. 19, 2021) On January 18, 2021, the Italian Supreme Court issued Decision No. 1788 concerning the grounds for invalidating a domestic arbitral award based on public policy considerations. Background of the Case A petitioner requested the Italian Supreme Court to overturn a decision by the Appellate Court of Ancona, which had rejected his petition […]

Great Britain: House of Commons Advances Bill to Limit Criminal Prosecution of Veterans for Acts Committed during Overseas Operations

(Oct. 7, 2020) On September 23, 2020, the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill received its second reading in the British House of Commons and progressed through to the Committee stage with a comfortable majority. The bill aims to provide certainty for Service personnel and veterans by protecting them from vexatious legal claims for […]

Bahrain: Royal Decree Enacted Regarding Mediation for Dispute Settlement

(Mar. 6, 2020) On October 13, 2019, the King of Bahrain issued Royal Decree 22/2019, regarding mediation for dispute settlement. The Royal Decree, consisting of 20 articles, is the first legal instrument in Bahrain that provides the definition of “mediation” and regulates the requirements that mediators must meet and their responsibilities. Also, for the first […]

Italy: Reform of Statute of Limitations in Criminal Cases (“Bonafede Reform”) Takes Effect

(Feb. 21, 2020) On January 1 2020, article 1 of Law No. 3 of January 9, 2019 (Legge 9 gennaio 2019, n. 3) (Law No. 3)—named the “Bonafede reform” after Italian Minister of Justice Alfonso Bonafede—entered into force. The provision amends article 159, paragraph 2 of the Criminal Code to introduce a controversial suspension of […]

Italy: Law to Establish Compliance with European Union Obligations Enacted

(June 17, 2019) On May 25, 2019, new legislation establishing measures for Italy to comply with obligations arising from its European Union (EU) membership was enacted in Italy. (Law No. 37 of May 3, 2019, Provisions for Compliance with the Obligations Deriving from Italy’s Membership in the European Union – European Law 2018) (Law No. […]

Italy: Legislation on Class Actions Enacted

(June 4, 2019) On April 18, 2019, a new law expanding the scope of class actions was published in Italy’s official gazette. The law had been approved by Parliament on April 12, 2019, and according to article 7, paragraph 1 of the law, it enters into effect 12 months after publication. (The gazette also specifies […]

Brazil: City of São Paulo Enacts Decree Regulating Use of Electric Scooters

(May 23, 2019) After a series of accidents involving electric scooters (patinete elétrica), the mayor of the city of São Paulo on May 13, 2019, enacted Decree No. 58,750. This Decree provides for the provisional regulation of sharing services and use of both electric and nonelectric self-propelled personal mobility equipment, scooters, cycles, and similar equipment […]

Brazil: Superior Tribunal of Justice Decides Man Must Indemnify Woman Partner for Infecting Her with HIV

(Apr. 9, 2019) On March 19, 2019, the Brazilian Superior Court of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) decided that a person who transmits the HIV virus in the context of a stable long-term relationship may be held civilly liable when the agent’s behavior, whether by action or omission, presupposes intention (dolo ou culpa), damage, […]