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Italy: Law to Establish Compliance with European Union Obligations Enacted

(June 17, 2019) On May 25, 2019, new legislation establishing measures for Italy to comply with obligations arising from its European Union (EU) membership was enacted in Italy. (Law No. 37 of May 3, 2019, Provisions for Compliance with the Obligations Deriving from Italy’s Membership in the European Union – European Law 2018) (Law No. […]

Italy: Legislation on Class Actions Enacted

(June 4, 2019) On April 18, 2019, a new law expanding the scope of class actions was published in Italy’s official gazette. The law had been approved by Parliament on April 12, 2019, and according to article 7, paragraph 1 of the law, it enters into effect 12 months after publication. (The gazette also specifies […]

Brazil: City of São Paulo Enacts Decree Regulating Use of Electric Scooters

(May 23, 2019) After a series of accidents involving electric scooters (patinete elétrica), the mayor of the city of São Paulo on May 13, 2019, enacted Decree No. 58,750. This Decree provides for the provisional regulation of sharing services and use of both electric and nonelectric self-propelled personal mobility equipment, scooters, cycles, and similar equipment […]

Brazil: Superior Tribunal of Justice Decides Man Must Indemnify Woman Partner for Infecting Her with HIV

(Apr. 9, 2019) On March 19, 2019, the Brazilian Superior Court of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) decided that a person who transmits the HIV virus in the context of a stable long-term relationship may be held civilly liable when the agent’s behavior, whether by action or omission, presupposes intention (dolo ou culpa), damage, […]

Japan: Supreme Court Decides Registered Owner of Car Responsible for Damages Caused by Actual Owner

(Jan. 3, 2019) On December 17, 2018, the Supreme Court of Japan held the registered owner of a car liable for the personal injury caused by the car’s driver, who was the actual owner of the car. (Sup. Ct., 2018 (ju) 16 (Dec. 17, 2018) (in Japanese, click characters besides PDF icon).) The Act on […]

Israel: Legislation Exempting Food Donors from Liability Adopted

(Nov. 1, 2018) On October 22, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed the Encouragement of Food Donations Law, 5779-2018 (SEFER HAHUKIM [SH] [BOOK OF LAWS] (official gazette) 5778 No. 2752 p. 10, Ministry of Justice website (in Hebrew; click on issue No. 2752)). The Law exempts donors to food distribution organizations from civil and criminal […]

Italy: Amendment to Law on Employment Contracts

(Apr. 21, 2017) On March 17, 2017, new employment legislation entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 25 of March 17, 2017, Urgent Provisions for the Repeal of Provisions on Accessory Work as well as for the Amendment of Provisions on Joint Liability in Government Procurement (D. L. No. 25), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Mar. 17, 2017), […]

China: Guiding Case on Liability of Online Shopping Platforms in Tort Cases

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released the sixteenth batch of guiding cases. (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Fabu Di Shiliu Pi Zhidaoxing Anli [The Supreme People’s Court Released the Sixteenth Batch of Guiding Cases], SPC website (Mar. 16, 2017); see also Laney Zhang, […]

Italy: Security of Cities

(Mar. 10, 2017) On February 21, 2017, new legislation on the security of cities in Italy entered into effect.  (Decree-Law No. 14 of February 20, 2017, Urgent Provisions on the Security of the City (D. L. No. 14), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Feb. 20, 2017), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)  The new legislation regulates the methods for coordination […]

Italy: Compensation for Damages Arising from Antitrust Violations

(Feb. 10, 2017) On February 3, 2017, new legislation governing judicial procedures for the recovery of damages arising from antitrust violations entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 3 of January 19, 2017 Implementing EU Directive 2014/104/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on Certain Rules Governing Actions […]