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Mexico: Supreme Court Upholds Constitutional Right of People with Intellectual Disabilities to Marry

(Feb. 18, 2020) On January 30, 2020, the Supreme Court of Mexico declared unconstitutional the provisions in the Civil Code of the State of Guanajuato that expressly prohibit persons with intellectual disabilities from marrying. The National Human Rights Commission filed an action before the Court at the end of 2018 arguing that article 503, section […]

Liechtenstein: Parliament Adopts Blockchain Act

(Oct. 30, 2019) On October 3, 2019, the Parliament of Liechtenstein unanimously adopted the Token and TT-Service Provider Act (TVTG) (“Blockchain Act”), a “comprehensive regulation of the token economy.” The Act has been substantially revised since the conclusion of the consultation process that ran from August to November 2018. The Blockchain Act is subject to […]

Guinea: Parliament Approves Civil Code That Would Legalize Polygamy

(Aug. 12, 2019) On May 9, 2019, a large majority of representatives in the National Assembly of Guinea voted in favour of a new Civil Code that would make monogamy the presumed form of marriage but would legalize polygamy. The vote was held only a few months after the Assembly’s last attempt was scrapped by […]

Italy: Law to Establish Compliance with European Union Obligations Enacted

(June 17, 2019) On May 25, 2019, new legislation establishing measures for Italy to comply with obligations arising from its European Union (EU) membership was enacted in Italy. (Law No. 37 of May 3, 2019, Provisions for Compliance with the Obligations Deriving from Italy’s Membership in the European Union – European Law 2018) (Law No. […]

Italy: Legislation on Class Actions Enacted

(June 4, 2019) On April 18, 2019, a new law expanding the scope of class actions was published in Italy’s official gazette. The law had been approved by Parliament on April 12, 2019, and according to article 7, paragraph 1 of the law, it enters into effect 12 months after publication. (The gazette also specifies […]

Brazil: New Law Prohibits Marriage of Persons Under 16 Years of Age

(Mar. 22, 2019) On March 12, 2019, Brazil enacted legislation to prohibit underage persons from marrying. The new law—Law No. 13,811 (Lei No. 13.811, de 12 de Março de 2019, Presidency of the Republic website)—amends article 1,520 of the Civil Code to establish that only persons who have reached the age of marriage determined in […]

Guinea: President Refuses to Approve New Civil Code Legalizing Polygamy

(Jan. 28, 2019) On December 29, 2018, the Guinean Parliament adopted a new Civil Code to replace the one that Guinea has had since 1983. (Guinean Civil Code: Some Advances for Women, but Polygamy Legalized, RFI AFRIQUE (Dec. 31, 2018) (in French); NEW CIVIL CODE (DRAFT), Feb. 2016, Guinea Millenium Challenge Corporation (MCC Guinée) website.) However, […]

Japan: Civil Code Amended to Enable Elderly Widows and Widowers to Continue Living in Deceased Spouse’s Residence

(Sept. 6, 2018) The inheritance chapter of Japan’s Civil Code was amended in July 2018. (Act to Amend Civil Code and Domestic Relations Case Procedure Act, Act No. 72 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra Ed., No. 154, at 4 (July 13, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese).) The amendment will become effective by July […]

Japan: Age of Adulthood to Be Lowered to 18 in 2022

(Aug. 30, 2018) The Diet (Japan’s Parliament) passed an act in June 2018 to amend the Civil Code and other laws (Act No. 59 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra Ed. No. 132, at 6 (June 20, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese)) to lower the age of adulthood to 18 (CIVIL CODE, as […]

Colombia: New Law Mandates Loss of Right to Inherit in Cases of Abuse or Neglect of Relatives

(June 13, 2018) On May 30, 2018, President Juan Manuel Santos promulgated Law 1893 to punish children who abuse, abandon, or engage in questionable practices toward their parents by nullifying the children’s right to their parents’ inheritance. (Hijos maltratadores no podrán heredar: nueva ley de la República, EL ESPECTADOR (May 30, 2018).) Senator Roy Barreras, who […]