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Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Reversal of Order to Return Children with Dual Citizenship

(Jan. 12, 2018) On December 21, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court affirmed a High Court decision that reversed a previous order for the mother of four children with dual Japan-US citizenship to return the children to their father in the United States. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (kyo) 9 (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese; click characters […]

Japan: Supreme Court Dismisses Appeal Concerning Noises from Daycare

(Jan. 8, 2018) On December 19, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by a man who had complained about noises from a daycare center for preschool-age children. (Gen Okamoto, “Noisy” Voices of Children Playing at Daycare, Loss of Lawsuit by Man Affirmed, ASAHI SHIMBUN (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese) (it appears that the decision […]

United Kingdom: Proposals for Greater Online Protection for Children

(Dec. 14, 2017) The Government of the United Kingdom has recently proposed an amendment to the Data Protection Bill to provide for greater protection for the privacy of children who engage in online activities. The Data Protection Bill is currently progressing through Parliament and will implement the European Union’s Data Protection Directive, which will apply […]

New Zealand: Paid Parental Leave to Be Extended to 26 Weeks by 2020

(Dec. 5, 2017) On November 30, 2017, the New Zealand Parliament voted to pass legislation that will see the current paid parental leave entitlement of 18 weeks extended in two stages: to 22 weeks from July 1, 2018, and then to 26 weeks from July 1, 2020.  (Parental Leave and Employment Protection Amendment Bill, PARLIAMENT […]

Israel: Protection of Children in Criminal Investigations and Trials

(Oct. 16, 2017) On July 24, 2017, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Evidence (Protection of Children) (Amendment No. 17) Law, 5777-2017 (Amendment Law) (SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette, SH] 5777 No. 2656 p. 1106, available at KNESSET NATIONAL LEGISLATION DATABASE (in Hebrew).)  The Law amends the Evidence (Protection of Children) Law, 5715-1955. […]

Peru: Judicial Determination of Out-of-Wedlock Paternity

(Aug. 10, 2017) The Peruvian Congress, by a unanimous vote, has amended the law governing the process for establishing filiation of children. Under the amendment, Law 30628, anyone with a legitimate interest in obtaining a paternity determination may file a petition before a Justice of the Peace in order to obtain such a determination. (Ley que Regula el […]

Brazil: State Law Creates Register of Pedophile Offenders

(Aug. 9, 2017) On July 31, 2017, the Governor of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, in western Brazil, approved Law No. 5,038 on creating a State Register of Pedophiles within his state. (Cadastro Estadual de Pedófilos no âmbito do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul). (Lei Estadual No. 5.038, de 31 de Julho […]

Australia: Legislation Enacted Preventing Child Sex Offenders from Traveling Overseas

(June 29, 2017) On June 26, 2017, the Passports Legislation Amendment (Overseas Travel by Child Sex Offenders) Act 2017 (Cth) received royal assent, following its passage by the Australian Parliament on June 20, 2017. (Passports Legislation Amendment (Overseas Travel by Child Sex Offenders) Act 2017 (Cth), Federal Register of Legislation website; Passports Legislation Amendment (Overseas Travel by […]

Italy: Protection of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors

(May 16, 2017) On May 6, 2017, new legislation for the protection of unaccompanied foreign minors entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 47 of April 7, 2017, Provisions on Protective Measures for Unaccompanied Foreign Minors (Law No. 47), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Apr. 21, 2017), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)  Law No. 47 introduces several amendments to […]

Brazil: New Law Creates System of Guarantees for Protection of Young Victims of Violence

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 31, 2017, Brazil’s government adopted Law No. 13,431 to put in place a system of guarantees for children and adolescents who are witnesses to or victims of violence, to create mechanisms to prevent violence, and to establish measures of assistance and protection for children and adolescents in situations of violence. […]