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China: Central Government Bans Sale of E-Cigarettes to Minors

(Sept. 19, 2018) On August 31, 2018, two Chinese central government regulators, the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (STMA, also known as China Tobacco), jointly issued a circular to ban the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors. (Guojia Shichang Jiandu Guanli Zongju, Guojia Yancao Zhuanmai Ju Guanyu Jinzhi […]

Portugal: Change of Gender in the Civil Register for Certain Minors Vetoed by the President

(May 31, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, vetoed a decree that had been approved by the Portuguese Parliament allowing a change of gender to be entered in the civil register for minors aged 16 to 18. (Decreto No. 203/XIII; Marieta Cazarré, Portugal Veta Mudança de Gênero no […]

Italy: Vaccinations for Children Made Mandatory

(June 13, 2017) On May 19, 2017, the Italian Parliament approved the Decree-Law Containing Urgent Measures on the Compulsory Vaccination of Children, which makes vaccinations mandatory for children as a condition of school registration. (Italy Makes Childhood Vaccinations Compulsory, FRANCE24 (May 19, 2007); Decree-Law No. 73 of June 7, 2017, Urgent Provisions on Vaccine Prevention, GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (June 7, 2017), […]

Brazil: New Law Prohibits the Use of Handcuffs on Pregnant Inmates During Labor

(Apr. 24, 2017) On April 12, 2017, three laws related to the treatment of women during childbirth and its aftermath were adopted in Brazil. Law No. 13.434 amends article 292 of the Code of Criminal Procedure to prohibit the use of handcuffs on pregnant women inmates during medical and hospital preparatory procedures for delivery and […]

Germany: Parliament Debates E-Cigarettes Prohibition for Minors

(Dec. 9, 2015) On December 4, 2015, the German Bundestag (parliament) debated a draft act that would prohibit the sale to and consumption of electronic cigarettes and electronic shishas by children and adolescents under 18 years of age.  (Entwurf eines Gesetzes zum Schutz von Kindern und Jugendlichen vor den Gefahren des Konsums von elektronischen Zigaretten […]

France: Constitutional Court Confirms Legal Obligation to Vaccinate Children

(June 23, 2015) On March 20, 2015, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) found that the French legal requirement for parents to have their children vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, and poliomyelitis was constitutionally valid. (Conseil Constitutionnel (Constitutional Council), Decision No. 2015-458 QPC, Epoux L. (Mar. 20, 2015), Conseil Constitutionnel website.) The Conseil constitutionnel is the French […]

Portugal: “Medicine Baby” Authorized

(May 7, 2015) The National Council for Medically Assisted Procreation (Conselho Nacional de Procriação Medicamente Assistida) of Portugal for the first time authorized a couple whose five-year-old daughter suffers from leukemia to have a baby, selected from laboratory-generated embryos, who would be able to be a bone marrow donor compatible with his or her older […]

Denmark: Ban on E-Cigarettes for Minors Considered

(Mar. 9, 2015) The Danish Parliament is now considering a proposal to tighten regulations on the purchase of electronic cigarettes and vape pens. Under the legislation being considered, Denmark would outlaw the sale of these products to children under the age of 18. According to Nick Haekkerup, the Minister of Health, such devices act as […]