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Russian Federation: Supreme Court Rejects Mother’s Petition to Change Children’s Names without Father’s Consent

(Apr. 19, 2021) On January 28, 2021, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued a ruling that clarified the circumstances in which a divorced parent may change a child’s first name, patronymic name, and last name without the consent of the other parent. This decision confirmed the equal rights of the parents regardless of […]

Israel: Law for Removal of Guardianship from Parents Convicted of Serious Domestic Offenses Adopted

(Jan. 15, 2021) On December 14, 2020, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed legislation to remove guardianship from a parent of a minor child when the parent has been convicted of the murder or attempted murder of the child’s other parent or the parent’s other children, or of raping or sodomizing any of the parent’s children. […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Affirms Conviction of International Parental Kidnapping for Unlawful Retention of Children in Yemen

(Dec. 2, 2020) On November 13, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the conviction and sentence of Mahyoub Molhi Mohamed Houtar for international parental kidnapping under the International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act (IPKCA) and for passport fraud. (United States v. Houtar, New York, No. 19-3627, slip op. (Nov. 13, 2020).) […]

Italy: Parliamentary Investigation Commission Established to Review Protection of Minors in Care

(Sept. 18, 2020) Law No. 107 of July 29, 2020, a new law creating a Parliamentary Investigative Commission to investigate the activities of family-type communities providing care for minors, entered into effect in Italy on September 12, 2020. Mandate of the Commission The role of the Commission is to investigate the current situation of minors […]

Mexico: Supreme Court Declares Automatic Child Custody Provision Unconstitutional

(Dec. 18, 2019) On November 21, 2019, the First Chamber of the Supreme Court of Mexico declared unconstitutional a controversial provision of the Civil Code of Mexico City that gives mothers automatic preferential provisional custody of their children under 12 years of age in divorce proceedings. The Court determined that article 282(B)(II), third paragraph of […]

Germany / European Court of Human Rights: Caning of Children Justifies Withdrawal of Parental Authority

(Apr. 19, 2018) On March 22, 2018, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) unanimously held in the cases of Tlapak and Others v. Germany and Wetjen and Others v. Germany that the withdrawal of the applicants’ parental authority did not violate article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which grants the […]

Israel: Landmark Decision on Child Support

(Aug. 3, 2017) On July 19, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, in an extended panel of seven justices, unanimously accepted appeals against decisions rendered by the district courts of Central-Lod and of Haifa to the effect that the responsibility for child support for children 6 to15 years of age who were under the shared custody of […]

India: Decision Not to Sign Hague Treaty on Child Abduction

(Jan. 23, 2017) In a decision made by the Women and Child Development (WCD) Minister, Maneka Gandhi, and agreed to by the Ministry of External Affairs, the government of India has decided not to ratify the Hague Convention on Child Abduction. (Shalini Nair, India Will Not Ink Hague Treaty on Civil Aspects of Child Abduction, […]

Bolivia: 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention Signed

(Sept. 19, 2016) On January 21, 2016, Bolivia passed Law 778 ratifying the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (HCCH). (Law 778 of January 21, 2016, Bolivian Senate website; Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Oct. 25, 1980), Hague Conference on Private International Law website.) In order to […]