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China: Government Requires All Passengers to Present Negative COVID-19 Test to Board Flights to China

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, three Chinese authorities—the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), the General Administration of Customs, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs—jointly issued an announcement requiring both foreign citizens and returning Chinese citizens to present negative COVID-19 test results before boarding flights to China. The required nucleic acid tests must […]

China: Citizens Must Obtain Green Health Code to Board Flights Returning to China

(July 9, 2020) On April 7, 2020, the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) and the General Administration of Customs jointly issued an announcement requiring Chinese citizens returning home from 26 countries to obtain a green health code before boarding flights. The rule aims to reduce the cross-border spread of COVID-19, according to the announcement. […]

Finland: Government Further Restricts Travel in Effort to Stem Spread of COVID-19

(Apr. 14, 2020) On April 7, 2020, the Finnish government announced new rules for border crossings, affecting particularly Åland (a semi-autonomous Swedish-speaking island in the Baltic Sea) and northern border regions in Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Under the new rules anyone arriving in Finland, including Åland, must spend two weeks in quarantine. The government recommends […]

United States: Supreme Court Dismisses Claims Against Border Patrol Agent for Constitutional Violations in Cross-border Shooting Death

(Mar. 31, 2020) On February 25, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court announced a 5–4 opinion holding that a U.S. Border Patrol agent was not liable for claims of Fourth and Fifth Amendment violations stemming from a cross-border shooting death of a 15-year-old Mexican national. (Hernández v. Mesa, No. 17-1678 (Feb. 25, 2020).) Case History In […]

European Union: New Regulation Amends EU Visa Policy

(Mar. 17, 2020) On February 2, 2020, Regulation (EU) 2019/1155 (Regulation), which establishes new rules for short-term visas, entered into force. The Regulation amends Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 (European Union (EU) Visa Code) and updates the common visa policy to better balance economic growth considerations (tourism and mobility) with concerns for security and migration. (Regulation […]

European Union: Revised Regulation Strengthens European Border and Coast Guard Agency

(Jan. 6, 2020) On December 4, 2019, a regulation amending the mandate of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Agency) entered into force (Revised Regulation). A European Union (EU) regulation has general application. It is binding in its entirety and directly applicable in the member states. (Consolidated Version of the Treaty on the Functioning […]

Brazil: Brazilian President Signs Decree Authorizing Use of Armed Forces in Amazon Region

(Sept. 19, 2019) On August 23, 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed Decree No. 9,985 (Decreto No. 9,985, de 24 de Agosto de 2019) authorizing the use of the armed forces to assist in fighting fires in the Amazon forest. Article 1 of Decree No. 9,985 authorizes the use of the armed forces to guarantee […]

Mexico, United States: Agreement on Migration Concluded

(June 17, 2019) On June 7, 2019, the governments of the United States and Mexico announced they had reached an agreement to take measures to address the “dramatic increase in migrants moving from Central America through Mexico to the United States” in recent months. (Press Release, US Department of State, U.S.-Mexico Joint Declaration (June 7, […]

Argentina: New Requirement Adopted for Foreigners Seeking Permanent Residence

(Mar. 25, 2019) On March 1, 2019, the Dirección Nacional de Migraciones (National Directorate on Immigration) adopted a measure requiring that foreigners who apply for permanent residence in Argentina prove they have had no criminal record during the ten years prior to their application. The new provision constitutes a seven-year increase over the previous requirement. […]

Mexico: Bilateral Accords Signed with the United States

(Mar. 29, 2018) Mexico’s Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Luís Videgaray, and US Secretary of Homeland Security, Kerstjen Nielsen, witnessed the signing of three instruments of bilateral cooperation on March 26, 2018. The agreements aim to improve the economy on both sides of the border, especially benefiting workers and companies. (Firman México y EUA Instrumentos de […]