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European Union: Commission Proposes European Climate Law to Achieve Climate Neutrality by 2050

(Apr. 7, 2020) On March 4, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) published a proposal for a regulation (European Climate Law). The proposal would codify the European Union’s (EU’s) goal to become climate neutral by 2050 in accordance with the European Green Deal of December 2019. An EU regulation has general application. It is binding in […]

Italy: New Consolidated Forestry and Forest Supply-Chain Law Takes Effect

(May 11, 2018) On May 5, 2018, a new law on forestry and forest supply chains came into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 34 of April 3, 2018, Consolidated Text on Forests and Supply Chains) (L.D. No. 34), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) Apr. 20, 2018 (in Italian), G.U. website.) General Purpose of the New Legislation […]

Panama: Accession to Multilateral Treaty on Invasive Species

(Dec. 5, 2016) In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced that Panama has acceded to the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments (known as the Ballast Water Management, or BWM, Convention). Panama is the 53rd country to take that step.  Panama is the largest shipping industry […]

Russia: Full Ban on Food with GMOs

(July 1, 2016) On June 29, 2016, the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the upper chamber of the legislature) adopted the Federal Law on Amending Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in Regard to Improvement of State Control in the Field of Genetic Engineering. (Press Release, Federation Council, Ban on Growing and […]

South Africa: Moratorium on Domestic Trade in Rhino Horn Temporarily Re-Instituted

On June 6, 2016, South Africa’s Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) effectively, if only temporarily, re-instituted a 2009 ban on domestic trade in rhino horn and products derived from it.   This was due to the DEA appealing to the Constitutional Court a prior Supreme Court of Appeal ruling affirming a 2015 decision of the High Court […]

United Nations: Protection for Manta Rays and Sharks in Effect

(Sept. 16, 2014) United Nations-sponsored restrictions on trade in sharks and manta rays became effective on September 14, 2014. Permits and certificates establishing that sustainable, legal methods have been used to harvest five kinds of sharks and all manta rays now are needed for the sale of meat, gills, and fins. The shark species involved […]

United Nations: Eight Countries Sign Nagoya Protocol

(May 17, 2011) On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. They thereby joined 13 other nations that have already signed the document. (Indonesia and Seven Other […]

United Nations: Three Key Actions on Biodiversity, Biosafety Issues Taken at Nagoya

(Dec. 29, 2010) The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD – the “Aichi Target” – which identifies 20 targets organized under five strategic goals designed to […]

Japan: Law to Promote Local Actions for Biodiversity

(Dec. 23, 2010) Japan's Law Concerning Promotion of Activities Coordinated Among Local Organizations for the Conservation of Biodiversity, known as the Satochi Satoyama (Satoyama Initiative) law, was promulgated on December 10, 2010 (Law No. 72 of 2010). The Law was issued in the aftermath of the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP […]

China: Protection of Domestic Animals’; Genetic Resources

(Sept. 17, 2008) On August 28, 2008, China's State Council promulgated the Measures of the People's Republic of China on the Examination and Approval of the Import and Export of Livestock and Poultry Genetic Resources and of Their Utilization in Cooperative Research with Foreigners. The Measures go into effect on October 1. For the definition […]