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Germany: Court Allows Student to Wear Niqab at School

(Feb. 25, 2020) On January 29, 2020, the Higher Administrative Court of Hamburg (OVG Hamburg) held that a 16-year old girl is allowed to attend school dressed in a niqab face veil that leaves only the area around the eyes open. The Court stated that there is no legal basis in Hamburg law for the […]

Russia: Law Regulating Sale and Return of Tickets to Cultural Events and Museums Comes into Effect

(Sept. 30, 2019) On July 18, 2019, the president of the Russian Federation signed into law a bill regulating the sale and return of tickets to cultural events and admissions to museums. (Federal Law on Amending the Law of the Russian Federation on Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on Culture, July 18, […]

Netherlands: Burqa Ban Enters into Force

(Aug. 27, 2019) On August 1, 2019, the “Act Partially Prohibiting Face-Covering Clothing,”also known as the “Burqa Ban,” entered into force in the Netherlands. The Act prohibits the wearing of clothing that completely or partially conceals the face in spaces where people are expected to communicate with each other. Thus, face-covering clothing is banned on […]

United States: New York State Appellate Court Upholds Order for Return of Nazi-Looted Art

(Aug. 22, 2019) On July 9, 2019, the New York Appellate Division upheld a lower court’s decision ordering defendant Richard Nagy to return two pieces of art to the heirs of Fritz Grunbaum, a Jewish Viennese performance artist and art collector who was imprisoned and murdered by Nazis during the Holocaust. (Reif v. Nagy, No. […]

Japan: New Ainu Law Becomes Effective

(Aug. 5, 2019) A new act that legally recognizes the Ainu as the indigenous people of Japan was promulgated on April 26, 2019, and became effective on May 24, 2019. (Act on Promoting Measures to Realize a Society in Which the Pride of the Ainu People Is Respected, Act No. 16 of 2019 (Ainu Promotion […]

Italy: New Urban Regulations for the City of Rome

(July 17, 2019) On June 20, 2019, the City of Rome enacted new urban police regulations concerning hygiene, decorum, safety, and law enforcement, and established new and increased penalties for violations. (New Urban Police Regulations of the City of Rome (the Regulations), Municipality of Rome website (under “Selezione La Tipologia” choose “Deliberazione Dell’Assemblea Capitolina” and […]

Poland: Government Proposes National ID Card for Poles Living Abroad

(May 6, 2019) On April 15, 2019, the Bill Amending the Act on the Polish Card was adopted by the Sejm (lower chamber of the Polish legislature) and submitted to the Senate (upper chamber of the Polish legislature) for consideration. (Ustawa z dnia 12 kwietnia 2019 r. o zmianie ustawy o Karcie Polaka [Bill on […]

Sweden: Public TV and Radio Service Fee System Reformed, New Tax Introduced

(Dec. 14, 2018) On November 14, 2018, the Swedish Parliament voted to replace the Swedish public service fee (tv-avgiften), which, under current rules, is paid only by households that have a television set. As of January 1, 2019, the fee will be replaced by a public service tax equal to 1% of the annual income […]

Brazil: National Policy on Reading and Writing Enacted

(July 25, 2018) The first National Policy on Reading and Writing (Política Nacional de Leitura e Escrita) was established in Brazil on July 12, 2018, through the enactment of Law No. 13,696. (Lei No. 13.696, de 12 de Julho de 2018, Presidency of the Republic website.) The policy was instituted as a permanent strategy to […]

Tajikistan: Law Prescribes Observation of National Traditions

(Apr. 2, 2018) On March 12, 2018, members of the Tajikistani legislature approved amendments to the Law of Tajikistan on Regulating Traditions, Celebrations, and Rituals in the Republic of Tajikistan. (Law of the Republic of Tajikistan No. 272 of June 8, 2007, Spinform website (in Russian) (by subscription).) Provisions of this Law, which allow government, […]