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Germany: Law on Phasing-Out Coal-Powered Energy by 2038 Enters into Force

(Aug. 31, 2020) On August 14, 2020, the Act to Reduce and End Coal-Powered Energy and Amend Other Laws (Coal Phase-Out Act) entered into force in Germany. The Coal Phase-Out Act aims to gradually reduce and eventually end the use of coal-powered energy in Germany by 2038 in order to “reduce emissions and provide the […]

European Union: Commission Proposes European Climate Law to Achieve Climate Neutrality by 2050

(Apr. 7, 2020) On March 4, 2020, the European Commission (Commission) published a proposal for a regulation (European Climate Law). The proposal would codify the European Union’s (EU’s) goal to become climate neutral by 2050 in accordance with the European Green Deal of December 2019. An EU regulation has general application. It is binding in […]

Togo: Parliament Adopts Bill to Promote Power Generation from Clean Sources

(Oct. 15, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Togo’s Parliament adopted a bill to promote power generation from clean sources. (Ouverture de la deuxième session extraordinaire de l’année 2018 [2018’s Second Extraordinary Assembly], Assemblée Nationale Togolais [Togolese National Assembly] website (all translations by author).) The bill was approved unanimously and includes 59 articles organized in seven […]

Italy: New Legislation on Alternative Fuels in Force

(Feb. 13, 2017) On January 14, 2017, new legislation implementing European Union regulations on alternative fuels entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 257 of December 16, 2016, Implementing Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure (L.D. No. 257), GAZZETTA […]

Japan: Renewable Energy Production to Aid Agricultural, Forestry, and Fishing Villages

(Dec. 18, 2013) The Diet, Japan’s parliament, recently enacted the Act on Promotion of Generating Renewable Energy Harmonized with Healthy Development of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery, and it was promulgated on November 22, 2013. (Act No. 81 of 2013 [in Japanese] House of Representatives website [conduct search].) This Act aims to revitalize farming, timber, and […]