Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

New Zealand: Bill Providing for Bereavement Leave Following Miscarriage Passed

(Mar. 26, 2021) On March 24, 2021, the New Zealand Parliament unanimously passed the Holidays (Bereavement Leave for Miscarriage) Amendment Bill (No 2). The Bill “makes it clear that the unplanned end of a pregnancy by miscarriage or still-birth constitutes grounds for bereavement leave for the mother and her partner or spouse, and that the […]

Germany: Amendments to Adoption Law Enacted

(Mar. 16, 2021) On February 18, 2021, the Act to Improve Support to Families That Are Adopting (Adoption Support Act) was published in the German Federal Law Gazette. The Adoption Support Act aims to modernize adoption law and improve adoption placement procedures to safeguard the best interests of the child. In particular, questions of open […]

Australia: Adopted Persons in NSW Able to Obtain Birth Certificates with Birth Family Information

(Dec. 24, 2020) On November 16, 2020, the Adoption Legislation Amendment (Integrated Birth Certificates) Act 2020 (NSW) came into force in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, following its enactment in September 2020. The Act amended the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1995 (NSW) (BDMR Act) and the Adoption Act 2000 (NSW) to […]

Australia: Bill Recognizing Indigenous Adoption Practices Passed in Queensland

(Sept. 15, 2020) On September 8, 2020, the Queensland Parliament passed the Meriba Omasker Kaziw Kazipa (Torres Strait Islander Traditional Child Rearing Practice) Act 2020, which legally recognizes for the first time in Australia the child adoption practices of Torres Strait Islanders, the indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands in Queensland. “Meriba Omasker Kaziw Kazipa” […]

Germany: New Act Allows Stepchild Adoption in Nonmarital Families

(Apr. 29, 2020) On March 31, 2020, an act that allows stepchild adoption in nonmarital families entered into force in Germany. The act implements a decision of the German Federal Constitutional Court of March 26, 2019, which ruled the exclusion of stepchild adoption in nonmarital families unconstitutional. The decision obligated the legislature to enact new […]

Germany: Regional Court Holds Foreign Adoption Decision Violated International Public Order

(Nov. 27, 2019) In a decision published on November 11, 2019, the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt did not recognize an adoption decision of the High Court of Sierra Leone because, in the Court’s opinion, the decision violated international public order. The Court held that both parents need to be present at a foreign adoption […]

Israel: Family Court Rejects Request to Register Same-Sex Spouse of Biological Parent as a Third Parent or an Additional Guardian

(Nov. 14, 2019) On October 22, 2019, the Lod Central-District Court rejected a request to register a woman as the third parent of her same-sex spouse’s biological children or alternatively appoint her as a guardian of the children in addition to their biological parents. (Family Appeal 52550-10-18 Anonymous v. Anonymous (decision rendered Oct. 22, 2029, by […]

Israel: Family Court Recognizes Right to Adopt for a Man and a Woman “Known to the Public as Married”

(Oct. 31, 2019) On September 17, 2019, the deputy president of the Be’er Sheva Family Court approved the adoption of a minor by a heterosexual unmarried couple the Court determined to be “known to the public as married.” Israeli law does not recognize common-law marriage. Cohabitation and evidence of sharing life together as a husband […]

Russia: President Signs Law Allowing Adoption of Children by People with Particular Diseases

(June 26, 2019) On May 29, 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill that allows courts to use discretion in approving adoption orders concerning children who already live with their prospective adoptive parents if one of the parents is suffering from certain diseases. (Federal Law No. 115 of May 29, 2019, on […]

Germany: De Facto Complete Exclusion of Stepchild Adoption for Unmarried Couples Held Unconstitutional

(May 15, 2019) In a decision published on May 2, 2019, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) held that the fact that an unmarried stepparent cannot adopt his or her partner’s child without terminating the child’s legal relationship to the latter, thereby de facto excluding stepchild adoption in such cases, violates the equal treatment […]