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Turkey: Competition Authority Launches Investigation into 32 Firms for Entering into No-Poaching Agreements

(May 17, 2021) On April 20, 2021, the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) released a press statement announcing that it had launched an investigation into 32 firms for allegedly entering into no-poaching “gentlemen’s agreements” whereby they sought to suppress interfirm transfers of employees and thus suppress pay and labor standards. Firms under investigation include many companies […]

Uzbekistan: New Requirements for Uzbek Citizens’ Personal Data Localization Enter into Force

(May 7, 2021) On April 16, 2021, Uzbekistan’s Law on Amendments and Additions to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan entered into force. This law, which Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed into law on January 14, 2021, amends the country’s Law on Personal Data and introduces new requirements on personal data localization. Provisions […]

China: National Database of Laws and Regulations Launched

(Apr. 26, 2021) On February 24, 2021, China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) launched an official database of Chinese laws and regulations, the National Database of Laws and Regulations (see NPC Observer’s guide and review for a discussion of the database in English). According to the NPC statement announcing the database, the database entered its trial […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Finds Sick Leave Limit for Public Employees Discriminatory

(Apr. 23, 2021) On March 3, 2021, the Italian Constitutional Court declared that a law limiting the sick leave available to seriously ill public employees is unconstitutional. The court found that the law is unreasonable because it sets an 18-month maximum amount of sick leave for an inability to work caused by an illness itself […]

Ecuador: National Assembly Approves Amendment to Law on Human Mobility

(Mar. 26, 2021) On February 5, 2021, Ecuador’s National Assembly approved reforms to the Organic Law of Human Mobility. Among other measures, the changes provide new grounds for the inadmissibility and deportation of foreign citizens. The amendments allow deportation of aliens through administrative procedure. Ecuador’s new rules prohibit admission of foreign nationals who use false […]

Italy: Fines Updated, Auto Tax Refund Scheme Created Under New Traffic Code

(Feb. 18, 2021) On December 31, 2020, Italy’s Ministry of Justice issued a Decree updating the fines established for violations of the Traffic Code. The Decree became effective on January 1, 2021. (Decree, art. 3.) Indexing of Fines for Traffic Violations The new legislation updates the amounts of the administrative pecuniary penalties established under article 195(3) […]

Italy: Amendments to the Nautical Sports Code Approved

(Jan. 4, 2021) On November 12, 2020, Italy’s government issued Legislative Decree No. 160, which amends and corrects the consolidated text of the Nautical Sports Code. Regulated Activities The code applies to navigation carried out in maritime or inland waters, exclusively for sporting or recreational and nonprofit purposes, using pleasure boats having any method of […]

Russian Federation: Government Agrees with Lowering Threshold for Personal Data Protection during Coronavirus Pandemic

(Oct. 26, 2020) On October 13, 2020, the Russian Federal Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media confirmed the legality of a decree issued by the mayor of Moscow, Sergey Sobyanin, requiring that, beginning October 5, 2020, all employers in the city of Moscow transfer to telework at least one-third of all employees, as […]

France: Council of State Confirms That Masks Can Be Made Mandatory under Certain Conditions

(Sept. 30, 2020) On September 6, 2020, France’s Conseil d’Etat (Council of State) issued two decisions confirming that government authorities may impose mandatory mask-wearing in certain geographic areas, but under certain conditions. The Conseil d’Etat is, in addition to being an advisory body for the government, the highest jurisdiction for administrative law. The decisions in […]