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Ecuador: National Assembly Approves Amendment to Law on Human Mobility

(Mar. 26, 2021) On February 5, 2021, Ecuador’s National Assembly approved reforms to the Organic Law of Human Mobility. Among other measures, the changes provide new grounds for the inadmissibility and deportation of foreign citizens. The amendments allow deportation of aliens through administrative procedure. Ecuador’s new rules prohibit admission of foreign nationals who use false […]

Italy: Fines Updated, Auto Tax Refund Scheme Created Under New Traffic Code

(Feb. 18, 2021) On December 31, 2020, Italy’s Ministry of Justice issued a Decree updating the fines established for violations of the Traffic Code. The Decree became effective on January 1, 2021. (Decree, art. 3.) Indexing of Fines for Traffic Violations The new legislation updates the amounts of the administrative pecuniary penalties established under article 195(3) […]

Italy: Amendments to the Nautical Sports Code Approved

(Jan. 4, 2021) On November 12, 2020, Italy’s government issued Legislative Decree No. 160, which amends and corrects the consolidated text of the Nautical Sports Code. Regulated Activities The code applies to navigation carried out in maritime or inland waters, exclusively for sporting or recreational and nonprofit purposes, using pleasure boats having any method of […]

Russian Federation: Government Agrees with Lowering Threshold for Personal Data Protection during Coronavirus Pandemic

(Oct. 26, 2020) On October 13, 2020, the Russian Federal Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media confirmed the legality of a decree issued by the mayor of Moscow, Sergey Sobyanin, requiring that, beginning October 5, 2020, all employers in the city of Moscow transfer to telework at least one-third of all employees, as […]

France: Council of State Confirms That Masks Can Be Made Mandatory under Certain Conditions

(Sept. 30, 2020) On September 6, 2020, France’s Conseil d’Etat (Council of State) issued two decisions confirming that government authorities may impose mandatory mask-wearing in certain geographic areas, but under certain conditions. The Conseil d’Etat is, in addition to being an advisory body for the government, the highest jurisdiction for administrative law. The decisions in […]

Uzbekistan: Codes Amended to Increase Criminal and Administrative Responsibility amid Coronavirus Pandemic

(Sept. 17, 2020) On March 26, 2020, the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, signed a law amending the country’s criminal code, criminal procedure code, and code of administrative responsibility. The law entered into force upon publication. (Law No. 3RU-613 of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Amendments and Additions to the Criminal and […]

China: New Cosmetics Regulation Published

(Sept. 10, 2020) On June 29, 2020, China’s State Council (cabinet) published an overarching regulation governing the production of cosmetics and the operation of cosmetic companies in the country, the Regulation on Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics. Taking effect on January 1, 2021, the long-awaited new Regulation will repeal the 1989 Regulation Concerning the Hygiene […]

New Zealand: Court Partially Upholds Challenge to Legality of COVID-19 Lockdown

(Aug. 20, 2020) On August 19, 2020, the High Court of New Zealand, the third-highest court in the judicial hierarchy, released its decision in the case of Andrew Borrowdale v Director-General of Health [2020] NZHC 2090 (Decision), in which Borrowdale, a former government legal drafter, challenged the legality of aspects of the New Zealand government’s lockdown measures […]

Japan: “Super City” Law Enacted

(Aug. 18, 2020) On June 3, 2020, the Act to Amend the National Strategic Special Zone Act, nicknamed the “Super City Act,” was published in Japan’s official gazette. (Act No. 34 of 2020, Kanpou Extra No. 109 of 2020.) Background The National Strategic Special Zones Act was enacted in 2013. It created a system to […]

Italy: New Omnibus Law Provides for Improved Digital Network Systems, Anti-Mafia Measures, Aid to Airlines, and Other Administrative Regulations

(Aug. 13, 2020) On July 17, 2020, Decree Law No. 76 of July 16, 2020 entered into force in Italy, providing for improved digital network systems, anti-Mafia measures, aid to airlines, and administrative regulations aimed at eliminating and simplifying requirements for economic activities. Improvement of Digital Network Systems and User Access The new law provides […]