Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

France/Rwanda: Genocide Convictions

(July 29, 2016) On July 6, 2016, a court in Paris convicted two former local officials of “crimes against humanity,” “genocide,” and “widespread and systematic practice of summary executions” in a “concerted plan aimed at the destruction” of the Tutsi ethnic group. They were sentenced to life in prison. (Génocide rwandais : deux anciens bourgmestres condamnés à perpétuité […]

Rwanda: Referendum Approves Extended Presidential Terms

(Dec. 30, 2015) On December 19, 2015, Rwandan citizens approved a referendum to amend the country’s Constitution. Reportedly, 98% of the voters agreed to the revision of article 101. The change will permit the current president, Paul Kagame, to remain in office for a third seven-year term beginning in 2017, to be followed by two […]

Rwanda: Proposal to Amend Refugee Law

(June 12, 2013) The Government of Rwanda recently proposed legislation aimed at amending the country’s refugee law, Law No. 34/2001 of July 5, 2001 [in French] (REFWORLD) and its amendment, Law No. 29/2006 of July 20, 2006, (REFWORLD). (James Karuhanga, Government Reviews Refugee Law, THE NEW TIMES (June 10, 2013).) If adopted, the legislation will […]

Rwanda: Journalist Sentenced for Article Deemed Divisive

(Apr. 4, 2013) Rwanda’s High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Umusingi, had lodged an appeal of the first court decision, taken in the Gasabo Intermediate Court on November […]

Rwanda: ICTR Convicts Ex-Minister for Crimes Committed During 1994 Rwandan Genocide

(June 6, 2012) On May 31, 2012, Trial Chamber III of the Arusha, Tanzania, based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) (ICTR website (last visited May 31, 2012)), convicted Callixte Nzabonimana on various charges for crimes he committed during the April through June 1994 Rwandan genocide, and it sentenced him to life in prison. (Callixte […]

Rwanda: Parliament Mulling Proposal to Legalize Abortion

(Apr. 5, 2012) On March 26, 2012, it was reported that the Rwandan Parliament is considering a draft presidential order aimed at legalizing abortion in limited circumstances, including in cases of rape, incest, or serious health risk to the mother. (Abortion Might be Legalized in Certain Cases, THE RWANDA FOCUS (Mar. 26, 2012).) Currently, all […]

Rwanda: Former Mayor Convicted for Crimes Committed During the 1994 Genocide

(Nov. 18, 2011) On November 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR (last visited Nov. 17, 2011)) convicted Gregoire Ndahimana, former mayor of Kivumu commune, Kibuye prefecture, of crimes committed during the 1994 Rwanda genocide. (UN Court Convicts Former Rwandan Mayor of Genocide, REUTERS (Nov. 17, 2011).) The prosecutor had indicted Ndahimana […]

Rwanda: Former Minister Convicted of Crimes Committed During 1994 Genocide

(June 27, 2011) On June 24, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, Rwanda's former Minister for Family Affairs and Women's Development, of crimes committed in the Butare Prefecture during the 1994 genocide. (Fumbuka Ng'wanakilala, Woman Minister Guilty of Genocide in Rwanda, REUTERS (June 24, 2011).) The ICTR prosecutor brought […]

Rwanda: Chamber of Deputies Adopts Amendment to Election Law

(June 21, 2011) It was reported on June 13, 2011, that in preparation for the upcoming parliamentary elections scheduled to take place in September, the Rwandan Chamber of Deputies approved a bill to amend the current election law. The bill seeks to change the manner in which members of the Rwandan Senate are elected. (James […]

Rwanda: Amnesty International Calls for Review of Genocide Ideology Law, Media Law

(June 9, 2011) On June 3, 2011, Amnesty International (AI) issued a report titled Unsafe to Speak Out: Restrictions on Freedom of Expression in Rwanda, in which it criticizes the use of that country's 2008 genocide ideology law and 2009 media law to stifle legitimate criticism and calls upon the Rwandan government to fast track […]