Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Japan: Supreme Court Finds Exemption of Confucian Temple from Paying Rent to City Unconstitutional

(Mar. 12, 2021) On February 24, 2021, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional for the city government of Naha, Okinawa Prefecture, to exempt a Confucian temple from paying land usage fees because such an exemption violated the principle of separation of religion and state. (2019(Gyo-tsu)222 (S. Ct., Feb. 24, 2021), in Japanese; to […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules on Unequal Treatment of Fixed-Term Employees

(Nov. 19, 2020) On October 13 and 15, 2020, Japan’s Supreme Court rendered five judgments on whether it is reasonable to treat fixed-term employees differently from their counterpart permanent employees in the payment of bonuses, retirement allowances, holiday extra pay, and paid leave. Employees with nonregular status (e.g., fixed-term employees, dispatched workers, temporary workers) represent […]

Japan: Illegal Receipt of COVID-19 Subsidy for Small- and Medium-Sized Companies Rigorously Prosecuted

(Nov. 2, 2020) On July 22, 2020, a 19-year-old college student became the first person in Japan to be arrested for submitting false information and fraudulently receiving COVID-19 subsidy money intended for small- and medium-sized companies and freelancers. Later, on October 22, 2020, five people in their 20s who had taught the college student how […]

Japan: Science Council Members Appointed Amid Debate over Appointment Process

(Oct. 15, 2020) Prime Minister Suga appointed 99 council members to the Science Council of Japan on October 1, 2020, six less than the number of members recommended by the Science Council. The Science Council is the representative organization of the Japanese scientist community covering all scientific fields. It was established under the Act on […]

Japan: Revised Enforcement Rule of the Electronic Books Preservation Act Seeks to Ease Requirements for Paperless Tax Documents

(Oct. 5, 2020) The amended Enforcement Rule of the Electronic Books Preservation Act (Enforcement Rule) will come into force on October 1, 2020. (Ministry of Finance (MOF) Ordinance No. 43 of 1998, amended by MOF Ordinance No. 24 of 2020.) The Enforcement Rule was amended to enable the following electronic records to be stored instead […]

Japan: “Super City” Law Enacted

(Aug. 18, 2020) On June 3, 2020, the Act to Amend the National Strategic Special Zone Act, nicknamed the “Super City Act,” was published in Japan’s official gazette. (Act No. 34 of 2020, Kanpou Extra No. 109 of 2020.) Background The National Strategic Special Zones Act was enacted in 2013. It created a system to […]

Japan: Law to Prevent “Powa-Hara” (Power Harassment) Takes Effect

(June 22, 2020) On June 1, 2020, the 2019 amendment to the Labor Policy Comprehensive Promotion Act (Act No. 132 of 1966, amended by Act No. 24 of 2019 (Reiwa)) took effect. The amendment act, nicknamed the “Powa-Hara (Power Harassment) Prevention Act,” had been promulgated on June 5, 2019. A 2016 survey on power harassment […]

Japan: Alcohol Regulation Tentatively Eased for Disinfectant Production due to COVID-19 Pandemic

(June 15, 2020) Between the middle of March and the beginning of May 2020, government agencies in Japan instituted regulations to ease restrictions on the production, storage, sale, and use of alcohol to make more disinfectants available for medical institutions and general consumers because of the COVID-19 health emergency. Background In January 2020, Japan began […]

Japan: Act on Facilitation of Information Processing Amended

(Mar. 18, 2020) On December 6, 2019, Japan’s official gazette published Act No. 67 of 2019 (Reiwa), which the Diet (Japan’s parliament) had passed to amend the Act on Facilitation of Information Processing (Act No. 90 of 1970). The amendment will take effect within six months from the date of publication. (Act No. 67 of […]