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Iraq: Parliament Considers New Anti-cybercrimes Bill

(Jan. 14, 2021) On November 23, 2020, the Iraqi Council of Representatives (parliament) finished reading and discussing a new anti-cybercrimes bill. The bill identifies a number of acts as cybercrimes and establishes penalties for them. While discussing the provisions of the bill, members of the parliament called for striking a balance between the crimes cited […]

Iraq: Prime Minister Announces Early Parliamentary Elections and Urges Implementation of New Election Law

(Aug. 14, 2020) On July 31, 2020, Iraqi interim Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi announced that early parliamentary elections would take place on June 6, 2021, rather than in May 2022 as originally scheduled. Al-Kadhimi, who came to power in May 2020 after months of protests had forced his predecessor to resign, said that early elections […]

Iraq: Legislating the Status of the Popular Mobilization Forces

(Dec. 7, 2016) On November 26, 2016, the Iraqi Parliament institutionalized the people’s fighting forces known as Al-Hashd al-Shaabi, or the Popular Mobilization (PM), by passing a special law on the matter. (Law of the Popular Mobilization Authority (2016 Law), Iraqi Parliament website (Nov. 26, 2016) (in Arabic).) Under the new law, the PM is […]

Iraq/ICC: Investigation of ISIL Crimes Urged by Religious Minority

(Sept. 30, 2015) On September 24, 2015, members of the Yazidi minority religious community in Iraq met with Fatou Bensouda, Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC). They filed a report with details of attacks on the community carried out by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) since August 2014. The […]

Iraq: Release of Hizbollah Activist

(May 14, 2012) An Iraqi court has decided to release an activist affiliated with the Lebanese political party Hizbollah who was detained and handed over to the Iraqi government by the American forces upon their withdrawal from Iraq at the end of last year. The detained man, Ali Dakdouk, was accused of involvement in killing […]

Iraq: Democracy Iraqi Style

(May 10, 2010) On May 5, 2010, ALJAZEERA reported that two of the three largest parliamentary blocks who won seats in the recent legislative election in Iraq, the State of Law Coalition and the Iraqi National Coalition, had formed an alliance that will select the next Prime Minister and government. The agreement between the two […]

Iraq; United Nations: Free Legal Aid for Detainees

(May 3, 2010) On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, each with up to seven lawyers; the centers were established in September 2009 and cover 16 […]

Iraq: Council of Ministers Blocks All Websites Deemed in Violation of Islamic Sharia’a

(Aug. 20, 2009) On August 3, 2009, the Council of Ministers of Iraq issued a decision to create a committee to look into means to identify and block all websites that violate Islamic law (Sharia'a). The committee will include officials from the ministries of communications, higher education, and science and technology. Some Iraqi intellectuals have […]

Iraq: Kurdish President Pardons Imprisoned Journalist

(Feb. 9, 2009) On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein was released from prison under a pardon granted by the President of the Kurdish region of […]

Iraq; United States: Parliament Approves Status-of-Forces Agreement

(Jan. 7, 2009) On November 27, 2008, the Iraqi Parliament approved the Status-of-Forces Agreement (SOFA) with the United States. SOFA calls for the withdrawal of the American forces from Iraqi cities by July 30, 2009, and from the entire country by 2011, with the exception of some elements of the U.S. Special Forces that will […]