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Germany/France: Countries Sign Friendship Treaty on Cooperation and Integration

(Feb. 1, 2019) On January 22, 2019, Germany and France signed the “Aachen Treaty,” a bilateral friendship treaty on cooperation and integration. The treaty comes fifty-six years after the signing of the Élysée Treaty, which focused on reconciliation after the end of the Second World War. The Aachen Treaty complements the Élysée Treaty, renews the […]

France: National Medication Safety Agency to Consider Experimenting with Legalized Medical Cannabis

(Jan. 8, 2019) The French agency in charge of evaluating the efficacy and safety of pharmaceutical products, L’Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament (ANSM) (National Agency for the Safety of Medication), announced on December 27, 2018, that it would consider experimenting with cannabis-based preparations for medical purposes. (L’ANSM souscrit aux premières conclusions du CSST sur […]

France: Government Adopts Law Banning Cell Phone Use at School

(Oct. 30, 2018) On August 5, 2018, the French government promulgated a law banning “cell phones and other electronic communication devices” from kindergartens, elementary schools, and middle schools. (Loi n° 2018-698 du 3 août 2018 relative à l’encadrement de l’utilisation du téléphone portable dans les établissements d’enseignement scolaire [Law No. 2018-698 of August 3, 2018, […]

France: Senate Rejects ‘Fake News Ban’ Bills

(Sept. 24, 2018) On July 26, 2018, the French Senate rejected two controversial bills aimed at “fighting fake news.” (Press Release, Sénat [Senate], Lutte contre la manipulation de l’information [Fight Against the Manipulation of Information] (July 26, 2018).) Background First announced by President Emmanuel Macron last January and adopted by the Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly) […]

France: Bill to Amend Constitution Submitted

(June 19, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the French Prime Minister submitted a bill to the National Assembly (one of the two houses of the French Parliament) that aims to amend several provisions of the Constitution. (Projet de loi constitutionnelle pour une démocratie plus représentative, responsable et efficace [Constitutional Bill for a More Representative, Responsible, […]

French Government Plans to Introduce Proportional Representation

(May 22, 2018) On April 4, 2018, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe announced the government’s plans to reform the country’s Constitution and especially the electoral system. This proposed reform would implement one of President Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promises to take steps towards a more representative and effective Parliament. (Baisse du nombre de parlementaires, proportionnelle… tout […]

France: Government Announces Reforms of Judicial System

(Apr. 27, 2018) On April 20, 2018, the French Minister of Justice announced that the government planned to submit a bill to reform the country’s judicial system. (Compte-rendu du Conseil des ministers du vendredi 20 avril 2018: Projet de Loi, Renforcement de l’organisation des juridictions et programmation pour la justice 2018–2022 [Minutes of the Council […]

France: Government Announces National Plan to Prevent Radicalization

(Feb. 26, 2018) In a speech given on February 23, 2018, the French Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, announced a national plan against Islamic radicalization. (Edouard Philippe, Prime Minister of France, Address before the Interministerial Committee for the Prevention of Delinquency and Radicalization (CIPDR): Présentation du Plan national de prévention de la radicalisation [Presentation of the […]

France: Constitutional Court Strikes Down Prohibition on Accessing Terrorist Websites

(Jan. 17, 2018) On December 15, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) struck down a legislative provision prohibiting access to websites that support terrorism. (Conseil Constitutionnel, Decision No. 2017-682 QPC, Dec. 15, 2017, CONSEIL CONSTITUTIONNEL.) The provision, which was part of a security law adopted in February 2017, prohibited “habitual” access to websites that supported […]