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Egypt: Senate Approves Draft Law to Enhance Penalties against Bullying of Persons with Disabilities

(May 18, 2021) On April 4, 2020, the Egyptian Senate during a plenary session approved a draft law amending some provisions of Law No. 10 of 2018 on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The draft law aims at combating the act of bullying persons with disabilities. The draft law will now be reviewed by […]

Egypt: President Declares State of Emergency for Health and Security Conditions

(May 6, 2021) On April 25, 2021, President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi issued Presidential Decree No. 174 of 2021, ratifying the extension of Egypt’s nationwide state of emergency for three months. The presidential decree cited health and security reasons as the justifications for declaring the state of emergency. On April 10, 2017, the Council of Ministers had […]

Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Kuwait: Authorities Impose New Preventive Measures to Combat Spread of COVID-19 Virus during Ramadan

(Apr. 15, 2021) Between March 30 and April 7, 2021, authorities in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Kuwait announced new preventive measures to combat the spread of the COVID-19 virus during the Islamic holy month of the Ramadan. The month of Ramadan began on April 12 and runs through May 12. Saudi Arabia On April 7, […]

Egypt: Draft Law Enhancing Criminal Penalties against Female Genital Mutilation Approved

(Feb. 24, 2021) On January 20, 2021, the Egyptian cabinet approved a draft law amending the Egyptian penal code to strengthen penalties against the crime of female genital mutilation (FGM). This legal measure comes one year after a female teenager died in southern Egypt while undergoing a genital mutilation procedure. Female genital mutilation has been […]

International: United Nations Welcomes Loosening of Sanctions in Gulf Region

(Feb. 17, 2021) On January 5, 2021, United Nations (U.N.) Secretary-General António Guterres issued a statement welcoming the news that Saudi Arabia had lifted the economic and political sanctions it had imposed on Qatar since 2017. Guterres was joined two days later by U.N. Special Rapporteur on unilateral coercive measures and human rights Alena Douhan, […]

Egypt and United Arab Emirates: COVID-19 Vaccine Ruled Permissible under Islamic Law

(Jan. 22, 2021) In December 2020, the official Islamic religious institutions in both Egypt and United Arab Emirates issued fatwas (Islamic rulings) permitting the use of the COVID-19 vaccine. Egypt On December 22, 2020, the secretary general of the Egyptian Dar al-Iftaa, the religious authority responsible for issuing religious decrees, announced that the COVID-19 vaccine […]

Egypt: New Crimes Added to Penal Code

(Jan. 11, 2021) On December 16, 2020, the Egyptian cabinet approved a proposed addition to the penal code concerning the criminalization of video and audio recordings of criminal trial hearings. Additionally, the Egyptian Parliament in September 2020 passed two laws introducing the new crimes of (1) bullying and (2) conducting foreign currency exchanges outside credited […]

Egypt: New Measures to Combat a Possible Second Wave of COVID-19 Cases Implemented

(Nov. 18, 2020) On November 16, 2020, the Egyptian Ministry of Interior (homeland security) announced that it had begun enforcing new legal measures against individuals violating anti-COVID-19 precautionary protocols. The ministry said that law enforcement personnel had issued 4,975 tickets against public transportation drivers who were not wearing face masks. The previous week, on November […]

Egypt: Country’s First Law on Protection of Personal Data Enters into Force

(Oct. 29, 2020) On October 17, 2020, Egypt’s first law to protect personal data entered into force. Law No. 151 of 2020 on the Protection of Personal Data had been ratified on July 13, 2020, by Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Article 7 of the law stipulates that enforcement of the law would begin 90 days […]

Egypt: Parliament Approves Draft Law Concealing the Identity of Victims of Sexual Violence Crimes during the Pretrial Investigative Stage

(Sept. 8, 2020) On August 16, 2020, the Egyptian Council of Representatives (Egypt’s parliament) in a general session approved a draft law aimed at protecting the reputations of victims of sexual violence and encouraging the reporting of sexual crimes. Two-thirds of the members of parliament voted in a favor of passing the draft law. The […]