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Brazil: Punishment for Crimes Committed Electronically or Over Internet Increased

(June 8, 2021) On May 27, 2021, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro signed a law amending the Penal Code (Código Penal [C.P.]) to enhance the seriousness of crimes involving theft and fraud through computer device violation or over the internet. The new law, Lei No. 14.155, de 27 de Maio de 2021, increases the punishment for […]

Brazil: Mayor of the City of Rio de Janeiro Enacts Decree with Additional Restrictive Measures due to COVID-19

(Mar. 16, 2021) On March 10, 2021, in response to increased COVID-19 cases, deaths, and hospital overload, the mayor of the City of Rio de Janeiro enacted Decree No. 48,604 (Decreto Rio No. 48,604, de 10 de Março de 2021), which extends measures to protect life throughout the territory of the municipality through March 22, […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decides Right to Be Forgotten Is Not Supported by Constitution

(Mar. 15, 2021) On February 11, 2021, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) dismissed the extraordinary appeal by family members of the victim of a notorious 1958 murder who had sought redress for the reconstruction of the case on a 2004 TV show without their permission. In a ruling of “general repercussion”—one […]

Brazil: Chamber of Deputies Approves Autonomy of Brazilian Central Bank

(Mar. 2, 2021) On February 10, 2021, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved Draft Law No. 19/2019, which grants autonomy to the Brazilian Central Bank (Banco Central do Brasil). The law defines the period for the mandates of the president and directors of the Central Bank, which must not coincide with that of the president […]

Brazil: Federal Senate Approves Inter-American Convention Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, and Related Forms of Intolerance

(Feb. 26, 2021) On February 10, 2021, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved Legislative Decree No. 562/2020 (PDL No. 562, de 2020), which confirms Brazil’s accession to the Inter-American Convention Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, and Related Forms of Intolerance. According to article 1 of the convention, acts of racial discrimination may be based on race, […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Implements Mediation and Conciliation Center

(Feb. 25, 2021) The recently created mediation and conciliation center of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) will hear its first dispute involving the exclusive use of the iPhone brand in Brazil. The center, which was created on August 6, 2020, through STF Resolution No. 697 (Resolução STF No. 697, de 6 […]

Brazil: Chamber of Deputies Approves Bill to Imprison Anyone Cutting into Vaccination Priority Line

(Feb. 16, 2021) On February 11, 2021, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved Bill of Law 25/2021, which amends the Criminal Code to criminalize violations of immunization plans, the embezzlement of vaccines and medicinal or therapeutic goods, and any kind of corruption of an immunization plan. The purpose of the bill is to curb the […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Mandates Reporting by Condominium Managers of Domestic Violence

(Oct. 2, 2020) On September 18, 2020, the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No. 9,014, which provides that instances or evidence of domestic violence against women, children, adolescents, people with disabilities, or elderly people, in condominium units must be communicated to the condominium managers (síndicos) or other condominium administrators, who […]

Brazil: State of Espírito Santo Issues Decree on Fines for Spreading Fake News about Pandemics

(Oct. 2, 2020) On September 16, 2020, the governor of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, sanctioned Decree No. 4,731-R (p. 45) regulating Law No. 11,135 (p. 9), of June 2, 2020, which established a fine for those who publish false news about epidemics, endemic diseases, or pandemics in the state. According to article 2 […]

Brazil : Nonbinary Person Authorized to Change Birth Certificate to Indicate ”Unspecified” Sex

(Sept. 30, 2020) In August 2020, at the request of the Public Defender’s Office, the justice of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro issued an unprecedented decision that authorizes a nonbinary person, meaning someone who does not identify as female or male, or identifies with both genders, to amend their birth certificate to have […]