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Bolivia: Law on Social Enterprises Promulgated

(May 25, 2018) On May 1, 2018, Bolivian President Evo Morales promulgated Ley 1055 de Empresas Sociales (Law 1055 on Social Enterprises). The new Law allows workers to take over private companies they work for when the companies enter into bankruptcy and to convert them into “social companies” to stimulate production and address unemployment. (Ley […]

Bolivia: 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention Signed

(Sept. 19, 2016) On January 21, 2016, Bolivia passed Law 778 ratifying the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (HCCH). (Law 778 of January 21, 2016, Bolivian Senate website; Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Oct. 25, 1980), Hague Conference on Private International Law website.) In order to […]

Bolivia: Code of Children and Adolescents Amended to Allow Ten-Year Olds to Work

(July 8, 2014) On June 26, 2014, the Bolivian Congress approved an amendment to the Code of the Child and Adolescent (Código del Nino, Nina y Adolescente (Oct. 27, 1999), UNICEF website) that will include an exception to the general minimum age of 14 to be able to work, allowing children ten years old and […]

Bolivia; Chile; International Court of Justice: Access to the Sea Case

(Apr. 25, 2014) On April 15, 2014, Bolivia submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a memorandum with arguments supporting its lawsuit filed against Chile for the purpose of reclaiming access to the Pacific Ocean. Bolivia lost that access to the coast in a 19th-century war with Chile, leaving it landlocked. Chile has stated […]

Bolivia: New Telecommunications Law

(Aug. 26, 2011) On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law aims, among other objectives, to give all sectors of Bolivian society equal access to the media, by […]

Bolivia: Law Against Racism and Any Form of Discrimination

(Nov. 18, 2010) On October 8, 2010, the President of Bolivia signed the Law Against Racism and Any Form of Discrimination (Law 45, Gaceta Oficial de Bolivia (Oct. 8, 2010, The Law is designed to establish mechanisms and procedures to prevent and punish racist or discriminatory behavior within the legal framework of the Political […]

Bolivia: Constitutional Referendum

(Mar. 2, 2008) On February 28, 2008, the Bolivian Congress, in a vote boycotted by the opposition, approved the holding of a referendum on May 4 on a draft constitution drawn up by supporters of President Evo Morales. The vote surprised government and opposition committees that were negotiating constitutional amendments to reduce the central government's […]

Bolivia: Declaration of Regional Autonomy

(Dec. 2, 2007) Bolivia is now at a critical junction. Four departments (Santa Cruz, Tarija, Beni, and Pando) rich in oil, soy and cattle declared autonomy on December 15, 2007, while three others (La Paz, the "de facto" capital of the country, Potosi and Oruro, with heavy indigenous population) are in complete support of the […]