Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Pakistan: Supreme Court Bars Use of Death Penalty for Inmates with Serious Mental Illness

(Mar. 3, 2021) On February 10, 2021, a five-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in a landmark judgment barred the use of the death penalty for inmates with serious mental illness or disorders who are “unable to comprehend the rationale behind their execution.” Background The apex court was hearing three appeals from prisoners […]

Canada: Government Reintroduces Bill to Amend Criminal Code Provisions on Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID)

(Nov. 10, 2020) On October 5, 2020, the minister of justice and the attorney general of Canada reintroduced in the House of Commons Bill C-7, which amends the federal Criminal Code’s provisions on medical assistance in dying (MAID). The changes are the same as an earlier version of the bill proposed in the previous parliamentary […]

Nepal: Parliamentary Panel Approves Amendment of Citizenship Act Regarding Naturalization of Foreign Women

(June 30, 2020) On June 21, 2020, the Committee on State Affairs and Good Governance in Nepal’s House of Representatives approved a proposed amendment to Nepal’s Citizenship Act that would require foreign women married to Nepali nationals to wait seven years to become naturalized citizens. The amendment had been under consideration of the committee for […]

Pakistan: “Smart Lockdown” Imposed across Cities of Pakistan as Covid-19 Cases Grow Rapidly

(June 25, 2020) On June 13, 2020, the prime minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, announced in a televised address to the nation that a “smart lockdown” strategy would be imposed on certain hot spots across the country “as people’s indifference to the pandemic was jeopardising the lives of old and chronically ill people.” He emphasized […]

Pakistan: Federal Government Introduces Ordinance to Ban Food Hoarding by Traders Capitalizing on COVID-19 Pandemic

(Apr. 28, 2020) On April 17, 2020, the Pakistani media reported that a new ordinance had been promulgated by the president of Pakistan, Dr. Arif Alvi, to discourage hoarding of essential commodities by traders aiming to create artificial shortages and raise prices. On April 19, the minister for law and justice, Farogh Naseem, stated during […]

Pakistan: Federal Cabinet Delays Approval of Bill to Protect Journalists

(Mar. 23, 2020) On February 25, 2020, the federal cabinet of Pakistan delayed the formal approval of a federal government bill to ensure the protection and safety of journalists. The bill, which was prepared by the Ministry of Human Rights and is titled the Protection of Journalists & Media Professionals Bill 2020, aims to “promote, […]

Canada: Privacy Commissioner of Canada Publishes Consultation Paper, Seeks Feedback on Strengthening Privacy Laws to Address Artificial Intelligence Risks

(Feb. 27, 2020) On January 28, 2020, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) issued an announcement update stating that it “is seeking feedback on how Canada’s private sector privacy law could be strengthened to address risks related to the use of artificial intelligence.” Canada already has a number of laws at the […]

India: Government Begins Discussions on Overhauling Colonial-Era Penal Code

(Dec. 9, 2019) On October 20, 2019, the Indian central government began discussions on overhauling the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which was adopted during the British colonial era. According to a senior government official, the Code requires major revisions because the “idea behind the overhaul is that the master-servant concept envisaged in [the] IPC should […]

Maldives: Government Dissolves Human Rights NGO over Report on Radicalization

(Nov. 29, 2019) On November 5, 2019, the government of Maldives decided to dissolve the Maldivian Democracy Network (MDN), a nonpartisan NGO that aims to promote human rights and democratic values and principles in the Maldives, over the contents of its 2016 report entitled Preliminary Assessment of Radicalization in the Maldives. The report, which “examined […]