Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Nicaragua: Amendment to Code of Criminal Procedure Extends Pretrial Preventive Detention Period

(Mar. 11, 2021) On February 5, 2021, Law No. 1060, which amends Nicaragua’s Code of Criminal Procedure to extend the previous 48-hour pretrial preventive detention period for suspects, was published in the country’s official gazette and entered into force. Law No. 1060 adds a new article 253 bis to the code, stipulating that the judicial […]

Mexico: Constitutional Reform Regarding Crimes Committed by the President of the Republic Approved

(Jan. 29, 2021) On December 15, 2020, the president of the Mexican Senate, Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar, announced the amendment of two articles of the Mexican Constitution concerning crimes committed by the president of the republic. The Senate president’s “declaration of constitutional reform” (declaratoria de reforma constitucional), which concerned articles 108 and 111 of the Constitution, […]

Mexico: Amendment Reforming National Security Law Approved

(Jan. 25, 2021) On December 15, 2020, the House of Representatives of the Mexican Congress (Cámara de Diputados) in a plenary session approved an amendment to the National Security Law. The reform was approved with 329 votes in favor, 98 against, and 40 abstentions. The bill had already been approved by the Senate and, with […]

Mexico: President Urges Approval of Amnesty Law Because of Coronavirus Infection Risk in Prisons

(Apr. 24, 2020) On April 15, 2020, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador urged Mexico’s Senate to pass the Amnesty Law to prevent the massive spread of the coronavirus in the country’s 17 federal and 292 state penitentiaries. The purpose of the law is to provide early release for people who have been imprisoned for […]

Mexico: Mexico City and Many Mexican States Make Wearing Masks Mandatory on Public Transit

(Apr. 17, 2020) Mexico City’s rapid transit metro, the Collective Transportation System (Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, STC) reported in a press release on April 15, 2020, that to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the wearing of masks will be mandatory to travel by metro as of April 17, 2020.  The free distribution of one million […]

Mexico: President López Obrador Endorses Proposed Judicial Branch Reform

(Feb. 27, 2020) On February 12, 2020, the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, endorsed a draft bill to reform the judiciary. The bill had been drafted by Arturo Zaldívar, chief justice of the Mexican Supreme Court, but the president will submit the bill to the Mexican Congress because the chief justice is not […]

Mexico: Supreme Court Upholds Constitutional Right of People with Intellectual Disabilities to Marry

(Feb. 18, 2020) On January 30, 2020, the Supreme Court of Mexico declared unconstitutional the provisions in the Civil Code of the State of Guanajuato that expressly prohibit persons with intellectual disabilities from marrying. The National Human Rights Commission filed an action before the Court at the end of 2018 arguing that article 503, section […]

El Salvador: Legislative Assembly Passes New Law Protecting Internally Displaced People

(Jan. 29, 2020) On January 9, 2020, the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador approved by an 82–2 vote the Special Law for the Care and Integral Protection of Victims of Violence in Conditions of Forced Displacement. The text of the Law, which was prepared with the technical support of the UNHCR, is aligned with the […]

El Salvador: Chiefs and Members of MS-13 Gang Sentenced in Historic Trial

(Dec. 19, 2019) On December 12, 2019, an anti-mafia tribunal in El Salvador imposed sentences of up to 60 years in prison on nearly 400 chiefs and members of the MS-13 gang (Mara Salvatrucha) for their involvement in multiple crimes, including terrorism, homicide, drug trafficking, money laundering, and drug and firearms smuggling. Background of MS-13 […]