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France: New Law on Drug Safety

(Jan. 31, 2012) On December 29, 2011, the French Parliament adopted Law No. 2011-2012, on reinforcing drug safety, aimed at restoring public trust in the drug regulatory system following the scandal that erupted in France in connection with the drug Mediator (Loi n° 2011-2012 du 29 décembre 2011 relative au renforcement de la sécurité sanitaire […]

France: Charter Listing the Rights and Duties of the Citizen

(Nov. 18, 2011) On November 15, 2011, France's Haut conseil à l'intégration (High Council for Integration) presented to the Minister of the Interior a draft of a charter listing the rights and duties of the French citizen. Foreign nationals applying for naturalization will be required to sign the document (Cécilia Gabison, Les obligations nouvelles pour […]

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development: Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

(Nov. 16, 2011) During the G20 summit that took place in Cannes on November 3 and 4, 2011, 13 of the G20 countries signed the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Tax Matters, as amended by the Protocol of 2010 (South Africa: State Signs Convention on Tax Matters, ALLAFRICA.COM (Nov. 4, 2011)). This Protocol, which entered […]

France: New Austerity Measures

(Nov. 16, 2011) On November 7, 2011, the French Council of Ministers announced new austerity measures aimed at further reducing the public debt and achieving financial balance by 2016. The government hopes to save €17.4 billion (about US$23.5 billion) during the period 2012 to 2016, in order to cut the debt by €65 billion ($87.75 […]

France: Private Nursery School Internal Code of Conduct May Ban Display of Religious Attire

(Nov. 3, 2011) On October 27, 2011, the Court of Appeal of Versailles found that it is lawful for a private nursery school to prohibit the display of religious symbols at work under its internal code of conduct. This decision is the latest in a court procedure that started three years ago. (L'interdiction du voile […]

France: Database EVAFISC Lawful

(Oct. 11, 2011) On August 24, 2011, the Conseil d'Etat, France's Supreme Court for administrative matters, rejected the request of a Swiss subsidiary of the British bank HSBC to have the database EVAFISC set aside. EVAFISC is designed to identify taxpayers residing in France who hold undisclosed bank accounts abroad. (Conseil d'Etat, Décision No. 336382, […]

France: Investigating Chamber of the Paris Court of Appeals Opposes Extradition of Widow of Rwandan Ex-President

(Oct. 4, 2011) On September 28, 2011, the Investigating Chamber of the Paris Court of Appeals issued a decision opposing the extradition of Agathe Habyarimana, the widow of former Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana. Mrs. Habryarimana is sought by the Rwandan authorities, who issued an international arrest warrant against her, for “genocide” and “crimes against humanity.” […]

Italy: Nuclear Power

(Oct. 3, 2011) A few months after the Fukushima disaster in Japan, on June 12 and 13, 2011, Italians were asked to decide in a referendum whether they wanted to support the government's plan to restart a nuclear program that had been abandoned in the 1980s after the nuclear disaster occurred at Chernobyl (Italy Nuclear: […]

Italy: No Compensation for Theft from Bank Vaults

(Oct. 3, 2011) It was reported on September 26, 2011, that the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation rejected an appeal brought by a family against a decision of the Court of Appeals that had refused to award them monetary damages after the contents of their safety-deposit box were stolen from the vault of their bank, […]

France: New Law on Participation of Citizens in Functioning of Criminal Justice and Adjudication of Minors

(Oct. 3, 2011) Law 2011-939 of August 10, 2011, on the Participation of Citizens in the Functioning of Criminal Justice and the Adjudication of Minors, was published in France's official gazette of August 11, 2011, after the Constitutional Council validated most of its provisions. (Loi no. 2011-939 du 10 août 2011 sur la participation des […]