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Polynesia (French): Reform to End Political Instability

(Feb. 2, 2008) Since the election of its local assembly in May 2004, French Polynesia has been in a state of chronic political instability. Five presidents have come and gone within three years and four motions of no confidence have been adopted. To end this state, the French Parliament adopted Organic Law 2007-1719 and Law […]

France: Financial Incentive to Purchase Clean Cars

(Feb. 2, 2008) In October 2007, a highly publicized environmental forum took place in Paris, the "Grenelle de l'environnement." The forum resulted in many recommendations to combat global warming and protect the environment. President Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to implement the recommendations and promised "an ecological revolution." The main measures include: suspending commercial farming of genetically-modified […]

France: Law on the Fight Against Corruption

(Dec. 2, 2007) Law 2007-1598 of November 13, 2007, on the Fight Against Corruption amends the Penal Code to bring it into conformity with the 1999 Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption and the 2003 United Nations Convention Against Corruption. The Law punishes any public official who engages in corruption, including public officials […]

France: Constitutional Council Validates DNA Testing for Immigration Cases

(Dec. 2, 2007) On November 15, 2007, the Constitutional Council of France found that voluntary recourse to DNA testing, limited to showing the relationship with the mother when there is serious doubt regarding the authenticity of a document presented to establish family ties, does not violate the principle of equality of citizens before the law. […]

France: Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights

(Dec. 2, 2007) France's Law 2007-1544 of October 29, 2007, on the Fight Against Infringement implements Directive 2004/48EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April, 2004, on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights. The Directive addresses "the measures, procedures and remedies to ensure the enforcement of intellectual property rights," which include […]

France: Reorganization of Intelligence Services

(Nov. 2, 2007) Two of France's intelligence organizations, the Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST, Directorate of Territorial Security) and the Renseignements Généraux (RG, Central Directorate of General Information), are merging into one agency, the Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur (DCRI, Central Directorate for Domestic Intelligence), to better fight terrorism. The DST was responsible […]

France: Immigration Reform Pending

(Nov. 2, 2007) Following a campaign promise made by presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy, in the last few weeks the French Parliament has debated a new immigration law that would further tighten the requirements for family reunification. Law 2006-911 of July 24, 2006, on Immigration and Integration, had already made the conditions for family reunification more […]