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France: Government Imposes Confinement Measures to Stem Spread of Coronavirus

(Mar. 18, 2020) On Monday, March 16, 2020, President Emmanuel Macron addressed the French nation in a televised speech to announce new measures to curtail the spread of the coronavirus epidemic. The most drastic measure, which was put into effect by a decree of the same date, is mandatory home confinement. Beginning at noon on […]

France: Watchdog Agency Fines Apple for Deceitful Practice

(Feb. 28, 2020) On February 7, 2020, a French consumer protection agency fined Apple for 25 million euros (approximately US$27.4 million) for failing to inform consumers that updating the iPhone’s operating system may cause some older models to slow down. The Direction générale de la concurrence, de la consommation et de la répression des fraudes […]

France: European Court of Human Rights Finds France in Violation of European Human Rights Convention Due to Overcrowded Prisons

(Feb. 26, 2020) On January 30, 2020, the European Court of Human Rights (E.C.H.R.) found that France was in violation of the European Convention of Human Rights because of poor conditions of detention in several prisons. The decision in J.M.B. and Others v. France was in response to petitions brought by 32 inmates of several […]

France: European Court of Human Rights Upholds French Refusal to Transfer Deceased Man’s Sperm Abroad for Medically Assisted Reproduction

(Jan. 31, 2020) In a decision issued on November 12, 2019, the European Court of Human Rights denied the petition of Dominique Petithory Lanzmann to allow the transfer of her deceased son’s sperm to a fertility clinic in Israel so that it may be used to conceive children. The petitioner is a French citizen and […]

France: Parliament Repeals Obsolete Laws

(Jan. 30, 2020) On December 11, 2019, the French President signed into law Loi n° 2019-1332 tendant à améliorer la lisibilité du droit par l’abrogation de lois obsolètes [Law No. 2019-1332 for the Improvement of the Comprehensibility of the Law by the Abrogation of Obsolete Laws]. This Law aims to make French law easier to […]

European Court of Justice: Court Confirms French, Belgian, and Swedish Prosecutors Can Issue European Arrest Warrants

(Jan. 17, 2020) In a series of decisions issued on December 12, 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) confirmed that the public prosecutor’s offices of France, Belgium, and Sweden could issue European arrest warrants on their own. These decisions were issued for cases C-625/19 PPU, C-627/19 PPU and, jointly, C-56ed76 6/19 […]

Belgium: Parliament Votes to Remove Statute of Limitations for Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Dec. 19, 2019) On November 28, 2019, the Belgian Chamber of Representatives adopted a bill to remove the statute of limitations for “serious sexual crimes committed against minors” (délits sexuels graves commis sur des mineurs). Under articles 21 and 21bis of the current version of the Belgian Code of Criminal Procedure, the statute of limitations […]

France: Council of State Rules a Law May Prohibit Something Without Providing a Criminal Sanction

(Dec. 16, 2019) The Conseil d’Etat (Council of State), France’s highest jurisdiction for matters of administrative law, ruled on October 24, 2019, that a law may prohibit a behavior without providing the particular remedy of a penal sanction. At the center of this case is a 2005 law, Loi n° 2005-158 du 23 février 2005 […]

France: Law on Energy and Climate Adopted

(Dec. 4, 2019) On November 8, 2019, the French president signed Loi n° 2019-1147 du 8 novembre 2019 relative à l’énergie et au climat (Law No. 2019-1147 of 8 November 2019 Regarding Energy and Climate). This law was adopted as part of France’s commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement to address climate change, and seeks […]

Côte d’Ivoire: ICC Prosecutor Appeals Acquittal of Former Ivorian Leaders

(Dec. 2, 2019) On October 17, 2019, the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor in the case of Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé filed a motion for the ICC Appeals Chamber to declare a mistrial following the two defendants’ January 15 acquittal. Laurent Gbagbo was the president of Côte d’Ivoire from 2000 until 2011, and […]