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Peru: President Enacts Decree Changing Requirements for Foreigners Convicted of Crimes to Serve Sentences Abroad

(Jan. 31, 2020) On January 23, 2020, the president of Peru, Martín Vizcarra, with the approval of the Council of Ministers, enacted Emergency Decree 018-2020 to change the prerequisites for foreigners to serve a Peruvian criminal sentence in their own country. (Decreto de Urgencia 018-2020 (DU 018-2020) que Optimiza  los Criterios y Requisitos para que […]

Spain: Second Phase of Increase in Paternity Leave to Take Effect in January 2020

(Dec. 31, 2019) On January 1, 2020, the second phase of an increase in paternity leave provided for in Royal Decree Law 6/2019 took effect in Spain. The Law, which was adopted on March 7, 2019, originally granted eight weeks of paternity leave effective in April 2019, with a phased increase to 12 weeks on […]

Spain: National Directorate on Traffic Issues Regulation on Electric Scooters

(Dec. 18, 2019) On December 4, 2019, the National Directorate on Traffic issued temporary instructions regulating the use of vehicles of personal mobility (vehículos de movilidad personal, VMPs) and segways until an official permanent regulation is issued. According to the instructions, electric scooters with a maximum speed capability of 6 to 25 kph (about 3.7 […]

Chile: Law on Digital Transformation of the State Enacted

(Dec. 17, 2019) On November 11, 2019, Law 21,180 on the Digital Transformation of the State was published in Chile’s Official Gazette. The new Law sets up electronic support and processing in administrative procedures and document management in the public administration. The Law aims to digitize, simplify, and eliminate certain procedures within the public administration […]

Bolivia: Special Elections Called After President Morales Resigns

(Dec. 13, 2019) On November 22, 2019, interim Bolivian President Jeanine Áñez called for general elections to elect a new president and vice president and new leaders of the Senate and Chamber of Deputies. Áñez, a member of the Bolivian Senate, had proclaimed herself interim president following the resignation of President Evo Morales, his vice […]

Colombia: Constitutional Reforms Proposed to Increase Punishment for Violent and Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Nov. 12, 2019) During debates over the last several months in the Colombian Congress regarding a proposed constitutional reform to apply life imprisonment to perpetrators of violent and sexual crimes against children, representative Jaime Rodriguez submitted an additional and highly controversial proposal to impose the death penalty for those who commit such crimes. Article 11 of the Colombian […]

Colombia: Congress Passes Laws Aimed at Improving Air Quality

(July 31, 2019) On July 18, 2019, the Colombian Congress passed a law aimed at reducing the emission of air pollutants—80% of which, according to the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, are produced by national transport, especially diesel vehicles. (Mejorar la calidad del aire, compromiso del Gobierno Duque en el Día Mundial del Medio […]

Argentina: New Decree Requires Insurance to Cover Environmental Damage

(July 31, 2019) On June 28, 2019, Argentina’s president issued a decree requiring public or private businesses and individuals that carry out activities posing a risk to the environment or the country’s ecosystems to contract for surety insurance for environmental damage. (Decreto Nacional 447/2019, art. 1, BOLETIN OFICIAL (official gazette), June 28, 2019.) Decree 447/2019 […]

Peru: Paid Leave for Caretakers of the Disabled Implemented

(July 29, 2019) On July 8, 2019, Peru’s Ministry of Labor and Employment Promotion (Ministerio de Trabajo y Promotion del Empleo) issued Supreme Decree No. 009-2019-TR, granting public and private employees the right to take paid leave to care for disabled persons under their care. (Decreto Supremo 009-2019-TR, Concede el Derecho de Licencia al Trabajador […]