Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Colombia: Congress to Vote on Legislation in Virtual Sessions

(May 5, 2020) On March 28, 2020, Colombian President Iván Duque Márquez issued Legislative Decree 491/2020, which permits governmental bodies, including the legislature, to conduct business virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic. Article 12 of the decree allows for remote sessions in which members can deliberate by any means (por cualquier medio) and make decisions by […]

Chile: Ministry of Health Announces Issuance of COVID-19 Immunity Card, Easing Restrictions for Some

(Apr. 30, 2020) On April 9, 2020, Chile’s minister of health, Jaime Mañalich, announced the issuance of a document to those people who have recovered from COVID-19 as indicated by antibody testing, releasing them from quarantine and other restrictions. The “COVID Cards” will be issued to individuals who have recovered from the disease 14 days after […]

Peru: Council of Ministers Cancels Controversial Quarantine Schedule Based on Gender

(Apr. 30, 2020) On April 10, 2020, Peru’s Council of Ministers issued Supreme Decree 064-2020-PCM, which cancelled a quarantine schedule based on gender that had been adopted to reduce the contagion curve of COVID-19 in the country. Supreme Decree 057-2020-PCM of April 2, 2020, had mandated that men and women would be able to circulate […]

Uruguay: New Law Authorizes Telemedicine

(Apr. 30, 2020) Responding to the COVID-19 health situation, Uruguay’s Parliament recently passed Law 19869, providing a legal framework for telemedicine. The measure was published in the Diario Oficial on April 15, 2020. The new law is in line with the National Health Board’s recommendations that health care providers prioritize alternative means of access to […]

Chile: Senate Adopts Protocol for Virtual Committee Sessions

(Apr. 23, 2020) On April 8, 2020, the Chilean Senate adopted a protocol for carrying out committee sessions remotely during the 90-day state of health emergency declared on March 18, 2020, by President Sebastián Piñera. The protocol provides that during the emergency senators may participate and vote in committee sessions either in person or through […]

Chile: Law Enacted Adopting Criminal Penalties for Public Disruptions and Violence

(Mar. 10, 2020) On January 30, 2020, Law No. 21,208 enacted Chile’s “Anti-looting law,” amending the Penal Code to impose criminal penalties for looting and actions that threaten the freedom of movement of people on public roads through violence and intimidation. Under the new Law, setting up barricades, looting, and other violent practices that have […]

Colombia: Law Creating Interoperable Electronic Health Records System Enacted

(Mar. 9, 2020) On January 31, 2020, the Colombian Congress enacted Law 2015, which creates an interoperable electronic medical records system that grants medical professionals online access to relevant clinical data, such as documents and clinical records covering the life course of each person. Under the new Law, health care providers will be required to […]

Argentina: Law on Protection of Women Amended to Include Provisions on Political Violence

(Feb. 26, 2020) On November 20, 2019, the Congress of Argentina adopted Law 27533, which amended several provisions of Law 26485 of 2009 on the Comprehensive Protection of Women, to sanction any behavior that weakens, prevents, or limits the participation of women in public affairs on equal basis with men. The new Law’s amendment of […]

Uruguay: Law Regulating Alcohol Consumption Enacted

(Feb. 5, 2020) On January 8, 2020, Law No. 19855 regulating the consumption of alcoholic beverages was published in Uruguay’s official gazette. The new Law aims to manage the risks and prevent the harm resulting from the “problematic consumption” of alcoholic beverages. Additionally, it adopts measures to protect and ensure the rights, comprehensive well-being, and […]

Peru: President Enacts Decree Changing Requirements for Foreigners Convicted of Crimes to Serve Sentences Abroad

(Jan. 31, 2020) On January 23, 2020, the president of Peru, Martín Vizcarra, with the approval of the Council of Ministers, enacted Emergency Decree 018-2020 to change the prerequisites for foreigners to serve a Peruvian criminal sentence in their own country. (Decreto de Urgencia 018-2020 (DU 018-2020) que Optimiza  los Criterios y Requisitos para que […]