Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Iran: House of Representatives Approves First Reading of Bill on “Enjoining Doing Right and Forbidding Doing Wrong”

(July 1, 2010) The trend in Iranian legislation under the current government is to return to Quranic roots and interpret religious norms through legislation. Thus, for example, according to article 8 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as amended in July 1989: In the Islamic Republic of Iran, to enjoin doing good […]

Iran: Role of Mahr in Two Cases

(June 21, 2010) Under Islamic law, one of the requirements of a marriage contract is that the man has to make a gift of money or property to the woman; this gift is called mahr. This condition is incorporated in the Iranian Civil Law, but it is not a requirement under that code, as a […]

Iran: Council of Ministers Members to Be Fined If Late to Meetings

(June 21, 2010) President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran has issued an order that the members of his Council of Ministers must be fined 1,000 tomans (about US$1) for every minute they are late in attending the meetings of the Council of Ministers. This policy was announced by Hujjatal Islam Seyed Mir Tajoddini, Parliamentary Assistant to […]

Iran: Two Women Imprisoned on Charges of Apostasy Freed

(June 11, 2010) It was reported on May 22, 2010, that two Iranian women, 31-year-old Marziah Amiri and 28-year-old Maryam Rustam-poor, who had spent 14 months in Evin prison on charges of apostasy and revolt against national security, were found not guilty and have now left Iran. (Two Women Imprisoned on Charges of Apostasy Left […]

Iran: Women Free on Bail After National Security Charges Dropped

(Jan. 20, 2010) Two women were arrested in Tehran, Iran, on March 5, 2009, on charges of acting against the national security of the country. Marziah Amirizadeh, who was 30 years old, and Maryan Rostam Poor, 27, were taken to the high security prison known as Evin. They had converted from Islam to Christianity, but […]

Iran: American-Iranian Woman Pardons Youth Accused of Killing Her Sister

(Dec. 22, 2009) A news item reported in November 2009 offers a vivid illustration of the workings of the Iranian criminal justice system. Facing a murder charge in a criminal court in Tehran, Majid, a youth who was working in a house as a cleaner and who was a crack addict, confessed to having killed […]

Iran: Criticism of Use of Death Penalty

(Nov. 24, 2009) An Iranian boy, Behnoud Shojaie, was executed in Iran on October 11, 2009, after being convicted of the murder of another boy in a street fight; both participants were just 17 years old. The Iranian judiciary had recently encouraged families of victims to reach private settlements, as permitted under Islamic law. In […]

Iran: $20 Million Allocated to Fight U.S. Media

(Nov. 18, 2009) On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a “top priority” bill on “exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world.” The bill provides for fighting back against mass media publications and other “gimmicks” used by the U.S. government […]

Iran: Foreign Banks Encouraged to Open Branches

(Sept. 18, 2009) The Council of Ministers approved new regulations to encourage foreign banks to do business in Iran. The new regulations, organized in four parts and totaling 13 articles, are dated March 18, 2009, and entitled “The Executive By-Law on the Manner of Establishment and Operations of Branches of Foreign Banks in Iran.” They […]

Somalia: Hand Chopped Off of Man Convicted of Theft

(Sept. 11, 2009) In May 2009, the Islamic Sharia court of Kismayo district of Somalia confirmed that Mohamed Omar Ismail had been found guilty of stealing goods with an estimated total value of US$90 – including a bag, ten pairs of trousers, ten shirts, and eight other items – from another man's house. The townspeople […]