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West Bank: Palestinian Authority Announces Planned Changes to Penal Code in Response to Case of Honor Killing

(Nov. 13, 2019) The Palestinian Authority’s Ministry of Women’s Affairs has responded to a wave of public protests over an alleged honor killing case by stating it will introduce a new family protection law before the end of 2019. The new law would amend the penal code to establish a minimum age for marriage, review […]

Qatar: Labor Minister Pledges Abolition of Kafala System and Establishment of New Minimum Wage System for Foreign Workers

(Nov. 5, 2019) On October 17, 2019, the Qatari minister of labor announced that the cabinet had unanimously approved a resolution to abolish the kafala system, under which Qatari employers sponsor foreign nationals to work in Qatar. The resolution eliminates the “No Objection Certificate” (NOC), which the initial employer of a foreign domestic or manual […]

Saudi Arabia: Legislation Enacted on Regulating Public Decency

(Nov. 4, 2019) On April 9, 2019, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers issued Resolution No. 444 of 4 Shaban 1440 (corresponding to April 9, 2019), regulating public behavior and public decency. The Resolution, which consists of 10 articles, regulates the behavior of Saudi citizens and expats in public places in accordance with prevalent Saudi customs, […]

Egypt: Ministerial Resolution Issued to Regulate Activities of Ride-Sharing Companies

(Oct. 22, 2019) On September 18, 2019, Egypt’s cabinet issued Resolution No. 2180 of 2019, which regulates ride-sharing companies operating in Egypt, such as Uber. The Resolution acts as the executive regulation of Law No. 87 of 2018 concerning land transportation services. Under the Egyptian legal system, an executive regulation is used to clarify the […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]

Morocco: Draft Law Introduced to Protect Whistle-Blowers in Corruption Cases

(Oct. 8, 2019) On February 15, 2019, the Moroccan Minister of Administration and Public Service announced the introduction of a new draft law to protect whistle-blowers. The draft law is intended to fulfill Morocco’s commitment as a signatory to the United Nations Convention against Corruption to enact relevant domestic laws, in this case by protecting […]

Saudi Arabia: New Resolution Regulating the Use of Information and Communication Technology in Government Agencies

(Oct. 4, 2019) On May 28, 2019, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers issued a new resolution on the use of information and communication technology in government agencies. (Resolution No. 555 of 2019.) Specifically, the new Resolution regulates the sending of electronic documents and the use of government email accounts, cloud computing, government personal computers and […]

Egypt: New Law Enacted Regulating Activities of Nongovernmental Organizations

(Sept. 11, 2019) On August 19, 2019, Egyptian president Abdu Al-Fatah Al-Sisi ratified Law No. 149 of 2019 on activities of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Repealing the controversial Law No. 70 of 2017, which defenders of human rights and civil society in Egypt feared would practically ban NGOs from carrying out their work and “eliminate civil […]

Saudi Arabia: Law on Passports Amended to Allow Women to Travel Abroad Without a Male Guardian

(Aug. 23, 2019) On July 30, 2019, the king of Saudi Arabia issued Royal Decree M/134, amending Royal Decree M/24 of August 28, 2000, on Passports to allow Saudi women to travel abroad without a male guardian. The amendment also grants permission to Saudi women to obtain a passport without the approval of a male […]

Egypt: Parliament Approves Draft Law Allowing Foreign Investors to Acquire Egyptian Citizenship

(July 31, 2019) On June 10, 2019, the National Defense and Security Committee of the Egyptian Parliament approved a draft law amending the Citizenship Law—Law No. 26 of 1975. The new amendment aims at attracting foreign investors to reside in Egypt. The bill will now be debated among members of Parliament and put to a […]