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Brazil: City of São Paulo Enacts Decree Regulating Use of Electric Scooters

(May 23, 2019) After a series of accidents involving electric scooters (patinete elétrica), the mayor of the city of São Paulo on May 13, 2019, enacted Decree No. 58,750. This Decree provides for the provisional regulation of sharing services and use of both electric and nonelectric self-propelled personal mobility equipment, scooters, cycles, and similar equipment […]

Brazil: Brazilian President Signs Acts Addressing Bureaucracy, Corruption, and Drug Policy

(Apr. 23, 2019) On April 11, 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed 18 acts, including measures relating to corruption, modernization, bureaucracy, drug policy, and literacy policy. (Assinados 18 Atos para Modernizar e Desburocratizar o País, NOTÍCIAS, GOVERNO DO BRASIL (Apr. 12, 2019).) Five of the most significant of the acts signed by Bolsonaro are as […]

Brazil: Superior Tribunal of Justice Decides Man Must Indemnify Woman Partner for Infecting Her with HIV

(Apr. 9, 2019) On March 19, 2019, the Brazilian Superior Court of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) decided that a person who transmits the HIV virus in the context of a stable long-term relationship may be held civilly liable when the agent’s behavior, whether by action or omission, presupposes intention (dolo ou culpa), damage, […]

Brazil: Brazilian Bar Association Decides Violence Against Women, the Elderly, Children, Adolescents, and Persons with Physical and Mental Disabilities Precludes Membership

(Apr. 3, 2019) On March 18, 2019, the plenary of the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association (Conselho Federal da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil, CFOAB) enacted a decision (súmula) disqualifying law graduates who had committed aggression and violence against women from enrolling in the Bar. (Conselho Pleno Decide que Violência Contra a Mulher […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Orders Criminal Investigation into Fake News Involving the Court

(Apr. 1, 2019) On March 14, 2019, Minister Dias Toffoli, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF), announced that he had enacted an Administrative Act (Portaria) ordering the opening of a criminal investigation into fake news and internet threats targeting the STF and its ministers and family members. (President of […]

Brazil: Decree Eliminates Need for Visiting Visas for Nationals of Australia, Canada, United States and Japan

(Mar. 26, 2019) On March 16, 2019, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,731 (Decreto No. 9.731, de 16 de Março de 2019), which unilaterally determines that nationals of the Commonwealth of Australia, Canada, the United States of America, and Japan who are holders of valid passports no longer need visiting visas. The Decree applies to those […]

Brazil: New Law Prohibits Marriage of Persons Under 16 Years of Age

(Mar. 22, 2019) On March 12, 2019, Brazil enacted legislation to prohibit underage persons from marrying. The new law—Law No. 13,811 (Lei No. 13.811, de 12 de Março de 2019, Presidency of the Republic website)—amends article 1,520 of the Civil Code to establish that only persons who have reached the age of marriage determined in […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decides Homeschooling Not Allowed in Brazil

(Sept. 24, 2018) On September 12, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) denied an appeal requesting that homeschooling be considered a legitimate means for a family to fulfill its duty to provide education. (STF, Recurso Extraordinário (RE) 888815, STF website; STF Nega Recurso que Pedia Reconhecimento de Direito a Ensino Domiciliar, NOTÍCIAS […]

Brazil: National Labor Policy Within the Prison System Enacted

(July 26, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,450, which creates the National Labor Policy Within the Prison System (Política Nacional de Trabalho no âmbito do Sistema Prisional, PNAT) to allow persons deprived of their liberty and those who have left the prison system to more easily enter the work world and […]